Tag Archives: psychological warfare

algocracy

algocracy

Algorithm warfare is literally everywhere nowadays yet most people haven’t got the slightest idea what is going on or what they are being exposed to.

Most of us can relate to Allan Weisbecker’s example of how Yahoo mail served him an ‘associated’ advertisement when one day he mentioned “walking the dog” as he wrote an email.

“This one came up as I was signing ‘allan.’ 

Coincidence? Pu-lease. My point is the lightning speed with which Yahoo’s algorithm worked. Like two seconds was all it took to analyze ‘walking the dog’ then nail me with a dog-related ad – what shocked me was the speed, considering all the cyber-details that had to go through the system. This is what Yahoo uses on a casual daily basis. Imagine the algorithm NSA has grinding away at Fort Meade, to keep track of what you’re thinking and doing.”

More:

http://ir-is.org/2017/01/23/algorithm-warfare-when-ad-slots-become-weaponized-information-windows/ 

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featured graphic:

two rival swarms of critters wage a non-stop war for the space

source of featured image: http://www.cellfighter.com/conway-life-screensaver.html

music:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0nAsk7cwZBk

The Algorithm of Jazz @Yale: Matt Griffith ’14 performs Artie Shaw Concerto for Clarinet

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“… The reality is that the gap between mainstream and alternative media outlets has artificially been reduced by co-opting the alternative media and their audiences. Countless examples of this exist. At least 9 out of 10 alt media outlets are pretty much carbon copies of each other and have during the last 5 years been putting their weight behind government policies that would have been exposed and debunked years earlier.

For instance, the false war on islam terror is widely accepted now by guys like Alex Jones, Steve Quayle and Doug Hagmann. All of them are also buying into and spreading other zionist scams, lies and propaganda fluff. For sure these characters are the best of all to put on mainstream news broadcasts – where they belong. They go into suicidal funks when they can parrot Netanyahu’s insane waffling.

The conditioning was, it now seems, planned to climax all along when a type like Trump came into the White House. It is also at this very moment that all of this is being suggested right as zionist puppet Trump is “reshaping” the press room in Washington. How convenient. Likely the NSA algorithms didn’t see this one coming. Riiiight….

Shockingly, well – not really, Hodges’ suggestions are greatly welcomed by his following, when we observe the feedback he gets for it.

Well folks, wish Dave Hodges good luck. Wish him a fruitful career at CNN, ABC or NBC because that’s where he is planning to apply.

It looks like they have come full circle at the transparent alternative media. What once was a platform or niche for alleged dissent has now officially turned into a mergers and acquisitions business model…..”

http://ir-is.org/2017/01/23/the-power-of-a-trump-deception-alternative-media-broadcaster-suggests-mainstream-media-should-survive-by-merging-with-alternative-media/ 

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music:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LSHZ_b05W7o (Daddy’s Car, three minutes)

a song composed by Artificial Intelligence – in the style of the Beatles 

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Hierarchical Temporal Memory algorithms for understanding asymmetric warfare

Conference Paper:  (PDF Available) April 2009

Abstract

There is a problem in combat modeling when it comes to accurately representing asymmetric warfare. The roots of this problem stem from the ways in which warfare has evolved over the last century from force-on-force combat to the network-centric warfare (NCW) that has emerged today in its most exemplary fashion in the Middle East, especially in the context of Joint Urban Operations (JUO). Therefore, this paper focuses on some of the previous attempts as a means to motivate the need for a new technique that understands the interactions on which an accurate representation of NCW rests. Given the difficulties of previous modeling attempts, this work then focuses on the profound impact that human behavior has on the modeling of NCW. Furthermore, with such attention to human behavior, the discussion of modeling NCW shifts to the human brain and its impact on behavior in such an environment. Thus the topic of this paper turns towards what results from neuroscience are useful for understanding NCW and how those facts can be translated into use on modern computers, via the use of hierarchical temporal memory (HTM) algorithms; finally, the inherent issues with such a task shall then be discussed.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/224407873_Hierarchical_Temporal_Memory_algorithms__for_understanding_asymmetric_warfare 

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From the single desk of a startup hedge fund to the gilded halls of Goldman Sachs, computer code is now responsible for most of the activity on Wall Street.

AUTHOR: FELIX SALMON AND JON STOKES.

 DATE OF PUBLICATION: 12.27.10.

ALGORITHMS TAKE CONTROL OF WALL STREET

https://www.wired.com/2010/12/ff_ai_flashtrading/ 

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https://www.yahoo.com/news/cyberwarfare-isis-blow-global-finance-152124337.html?ref=gs 

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music:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cbb08ifTzUk

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cbb08ifTzUk 

(3:13)

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https://britcruise.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/emotionmap_expression.jpg 

https://consumerist.com/2016/10/17/sony-algorithm-will-compose-new-music-based-on-songs-you-like/ 

https://consumerist.com/2016/10/17/sony-algorithm-will-compose-new-music-based-on-songs-you-like/ 

http://algorithmicjazz.com/p5js/jazz_1/windex.html 

http://algorithmicjazz.com/p5js/coj/cojindex.html A jazz melody algorithm. Click, hold, and move the cursor around on the screen.

http://algorithmicjazz.com/p5js/ct4/windex.html 

source of image:

https://britcruise.com/2010/05/31/strategy-for-emotion-control-in-an-algorithmic-music-composition-engine/ 

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http://ir-is.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/algorithms.jpg

Page created January 20, 2017 – Last updated January 24, 2017

Algorithm warfare is a very complex topic that needs to be introduced to the world, not the least due to the present and future dangers that it poses.

Algorithm warfare includes more than just the deployment of analytical, defensive and conditioning or offensive (hostile) algorithms by commercial entities and government agencies. It is also about constantly creating floods of fresh mineable data; analyzing, exploiting and manipulating financial markets, perceptions and public opinions; and the eventual creation and deployment of self-perpetuating loops of algorithmic artificial intelligences that can steer a planetary populace on autopilot.

Although the basic concept of algorithms is understood by the general public, the advances and potential capabilities in the field are far less understood. It is therein that the dangers lay.

In our introductory articles [1, 2, 3, 4] the concept of algorithm warfare has already been explained with practical examples but a clear overview of who and what the major players are for instance, who the centerpieces are if you will, had yet to be created.

This page will also serve that purpose, to list those involved directly and indirectly. The longer the list becomes the clearer the bigger picture will become on where algorithm warfare is coming from and where it is heading.

ADDITIONAL RECOMMENDED READING

Enhanced PROMIS Contract (Inslaw)

Insider Trading 9/11: Substantial Profits in Financial Markets

http://ir-is.org/algorithm-warfare-in-the-21st-century/ 

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“Psychological warfare (PSYWAR), or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations (PSYOP), have been … used “to denote any action which is practiced mainly by psychological methods with the aim of evoking a planned psychological reaction in other people.” 

Various techniques are used, and are aimed at influencing a target audience’s value system, belief system, emotions, motives, reasoning, or behavior

It is used to induce confessions or reinforce attitudes and behaviors favorable to the originator’s objectives, and are sometimes combined with black operations or false flag tactics. 

It is also used to destroy the morale of enemies through tactics that aim to depress troops’ psychological states. 

Target audiences can be governments, organizations, groups, and individuals, and is not just limited to soldiers. 

Civilians of foreign territories can also be targeted by technology and media so as to cause an effect in the government of their country…..”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_warfare 

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https://warfareplugins.com/future-social-warfare-wordpress-plugin/ 

The co-founder & lead developer for Warfare Plugins is a WordPress enthusiast and U.S. Army Reserves Psychological Operations Sergeant.

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This article was published by Jeff Gates for Foreign Policy Journal on August 28, 2009.  It was included on the IRIS website because it provides a perspective that is completely in line with their algorithm warfare sensitization campaigns and it explains an aspect of it from a specific point of view that interlocks with our previous report titled “Israeli Intelligence Deploys New ‘Anti-Semitism’ Identification System“.

http://ir-is.org/2017/01/23/algorithm-warfare-how-israel-wages-game-theory-warfare/ 

“… Israeli game theorists operate not from the Center for Morality or the Center for Justice but from the Center for Rationality. As modeled by Zionist war planners, game theory is devoid of all values except one: the ability to anticipate—within an acceptable range of probabilities—how “the mark” will react when provoked. Thus we see the force-multiplier potential for those who wage war with well-planned provocations and well-timed crises.

Israeli behavior is often immoral and unjust but that does not mean it is irrational. For Colonial Zionists committed to the pursuit of an expansionist agenda, even murderous provocations are rational because the response can be mathematically modeled, ensuring the results are reasonably foreseeable. That alone is sufficient for a people who, as God’s chosen, consider it their right to operate above the rule of law.”

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“… already points to a future in which intelligence-gathering, assessment and military action, including the calculation of who can legally be killed, will largely be performed by machines based upon an ever-expanding database of aggregated information. As such, this transition to execution by algorithm is not simply a continuation of killing at ever greater distances inaugurated by the invention of the bow and arrow that separated warrior and foe, as many have suggested. [3] It is also a consequence of the ongoing automation of warfare, which can be traced back to the cybernetic coupling of Claude Shannon’s mathematical theory of information with Norbert Wiener’s wartime research into feedback loops and communication control systems. [4] As this new era of intelligent weapons systems progresses, operational control and decision-making are increasingly being outsourced to machines…..”

“…. When one poses the question, under what conditions is it morally acceptable to deliberately kill a human being, one is not, in this case, asking whether the law permits such an act for reasons of imminent threat, self-defence or even empathy for someone who is in extreme pain or in a non-responsive vegetative state. The moral register around the decision to kill operates according to a different ethical framework: one that doesn’t necessarily bind the individual to a contract enacted between the citizen and the state. Moral positions can be specific to individual values and beliefs whereas legal frameworks permit actions in our collective name as citizens contracted to a democratically elected body that acts on our behalf but with which we might be in political disagreement. ….”

https://www.radicalphilosophy.com/commentary/deadly-algorithms 

Click here to download the PDF of this item 

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http://cdn.defenseone.com/media/img/upload/2016/01/19/f35_24226214486_224b146722_o/defense-large.jpg 

JANUARY 19, 2016

The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, the most expensive weapons program ever, won’t justify its price tag by outmaneuvering other jets (it can’t), flying particularly fast, or even by carrying munitions in a stealthy bomb bay. Instead, the U.S. military is banking on an emerging technology called cognitive electronic warfare to give the jet an almost-living ability to sniff out new hard-to-detect air defenses and invent ways to foil them on the fly.

While the specifics of the jet’s electronic warfare, or EW, package remain opaque, scientists, program watchers and military leaders close to the program say it will be key to the jet’s evolution and its survival against the future’s most advanced airplane-killing technology. In short, cognitive EW is the most important feature on the world’s most sophisticated warplane…..

Read “interaction” in that context to mean the critical moment when an adversary, perhaps a single lowly radar operator, detects a U.S. military aircraft on a covert operation. That moment of detection is the sort of world-changing event that happens, literally, in the blink of an eye.

Just before the study came out, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, established the Adaptive Radar Countermeasures program to “enable U.S. airborne EW systems to automatically generate effective countermeasures against new, unknown and adaptive radars in real-time in the field.”

The goal: EW software that can perceive new waveforms and attacks as quickly and as clearly as a living being can hear leaves rustle or see a predator crouching in the distance, then respond creatively to the threat: can I outrun that? Can I fight it? Should I do anything at all? It’s a problem of artificial intelligence: creating a living intelligence in code….”

The full article is here:

http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2016/01/most-important-technology-f-35/125228/ 

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“What we’ve done with the 5th Generation [aircraft] is the computer takes all those sensory inputs, fuses it into information. The pilot sees a beautiful God’s eye view of what’s going on. […] It’s a stunning amount of information.”

—Gen. Mike Hostage, Commander, Air Combat Command, U.S. Air Force

https://www.f35.com/about/capabilities/electronicwarfare 

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Algocracy

Posted May 23, 2015 by Danny Crichton (@DannyCrichton), Contributor

“… Algorithms are not just determining who lives, but also who dies. The Defense Department, taking advantage of incredible advancements in autonomous technologies, is increasingly advocating for self-flying drones. The hope is that machine learning and better algorithms can reduce the human error in drone-based assassinations, potentially allowing these technologies to make the decision to shoot without human intervention.

Ever since the development of computers in the mid–20th century, algorithms have been used to increase business efficiency. Today, algorithms run our world. UPS and FedEx use algorithms to optimize the routes of its drivers, Procter & Gamble and Walmart use learning algorithms to ensure that sufficient products are on store shelves, and banks use algorithms not only for securities trading but also to predict cash flows…..”

“… There is an objective quality about the computer that is lacking in a human being, even though they are both ultimately political. It is just that the human seems political at the time the decision is made, while the algorithm was political when it was designed and implemented…..”

“… There is a belief that moving such decisions away from humans and into the machine-learning black box is the solution to many of our political problems. That is precisely wrong. We aren’t avoiding the politics of our decisions, but rather giving up human agency itself to allow the computer to make it for us. This is the fundamental difference between first and second generation algorithms.

Developing policies in our society is the forcing function to ensure that we come together, debate, and ultimately work toward a usable consensus on how we want our government to function. The more we give up on those sorts of arenas for debate, the more we will increasingly find that our society simply cannot work together whatsoever.

Algocracy?

Algorithms will not save us. They cannot make the decisions we have to make any easier, and in fact, can massively increase the level of polarization that takes place in our country. Using an algorithm in immigration to predict economic performance may sound like a way to avoid a hard debate about immigration, but that is precisely why it is so dangerous. Who exactly do we want to allow into our country? Computer code can’t make us content…..

I still believe that when the algorithms themselves are part of the political debate, we can increase the efficiency of government while also improving the lives of citizens.

Ultimately, we live with each other in a human society. We should never give up our seat at the table in order to allow the algorithms to just do their work. The data we allow them to use and the models we allow them to calculate should all be areas where humans have a voice. Our politicians need to see the algorithm as where politics is increasingly centered, and engage with them accordingly.”

https://techcrunch.com/2015/05/23/algocracy/

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QUESTION:

“HOW DOES ONE ARRIVE AT THE OFFICIAL FBI CODE NAME ‘PENTTBOM’ (PENTAGON/TWIN TOWERS BOMBING INVESTIGATION) WHEN ONLY AIRPLANES WERE USED TO DESTROY THE TWIN TOWERS AT THE WTC AND PARTIALLY THE FACADE OF THE PENTAGON? IN OTHER WORDS: HOW DOES ONE COME TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THE WORD ‘BOMBING’ MUST BE INCLUDED IN THIS PROMINENT CASE’S CODE NAME?”

For this occasion the comment section will be opened below. 

http://ir-is.org/2017/01/24/911-conspiracy-the-question-for-all-skeptics-and-inside-job-deniers/

mirage

mirage 

Lo and behold, well into the aforementioned book “Aberration in The Heartland”, after I’d viewed the two two-hour YouTube versions of The Disclosure Project’s DVD with videotaped sessions with people who claim to have witnessed UFO’s et al, I encountered Wendy Painting’s research on the connections between Timothy McVeigh, Area 51, the world of UFOlogy, and lots more.

source of featured image:

http://www.funktioncreep.com 

music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TVlgG-Kil1Y 

Lo and behold, well into the aforementioned book “Aberration in The Heartland”, after I’d viewed the two two-hour YouTube versions of The Disclosure Project’s DVD with videotaped sessions with people who claim to have witnessed UFO’s et al, I encountered Wendy Painting’s research on the connections between Timothy McVeigh, Area 51, the world of UFOlogy, and lots more.

The videos and their description I’d watched are here:

The DVD is available to order at: http://www.disclosureproject.org/cd-dvd.shtml#4hourdvd

Top-secret military, government, intelligence and corporate witnesses to secret projects tell their true stories which disclose the greatest covert program in world history. This explosive testimony by actual government insiders proves that UFOs are real, that some are of extraterrestrial origin and that super-secret programs have energy and propulsion technologies that will enable humanity to begin a new civilization- A civilization without pollution, without poverty – A civilization capable of traveling among the stars.

In two parts:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ud49Gh9yYLs 

(1:58:51)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kpHAxxRKksQ 

(1:56:23)

In that long section (about halfway through the book), Dr. Painting noted Mark Pilkington’s book on the topic of UFO’s entitled Mirage Men: an adventure into paranoia, espionage, psychological warfare and UFO’s, published by SkyHorse Publishing (Hermann Graf Books) New York 2010, ISBN 978-1-60239-800-9

http://www.amazon.com/Mirage-Men-Adventure-Espionage-Psychological/dp/1602398003 

 

I apologize to my readers, I must be getting older than I think, as I had — until I read Painting — forgotten that I had reviewed that book a long time ago.

I am a pack rat, an iNTp, so of course I saved it: here it is, a 14-page PDF.

mirage-men

Seek Help

Seek Help

It occurs to me, as we approach yet another anniversary of 9/11 and see more educational opportunities to argue about the minutiae — as if that is meaningful — or attempt to float plans for the “unification” of a truth movement, that we need to seek help.

It’s been suggested that we suffer a form of mass post-traumatic stress disorder and so it is that we, as a society, a culture, a movement, or even as individuals, must seek out a process through which we can attain improved mental health.

That we are all PTSD should not come as a surprise. I trust that the readership is conversant with the depths and techniques to which we have been subjected.  Books and articles on the Tavistock methods have been available for a long time. The methods have been in use for decades, so virtually everyone has been repeatedly exposed to them. “Shock and awe” is a term that grew out of the American way of war.  PsyOps, MindWars, and the like are frequently written about in the alternative media, though you never see very much on it in the mainstream media. Articles have been written about the trauma-inducing effects of the events in Dealey Plaza and, on 9/11, it was improved and amplified, having been broadcast on live TV and repeated repeatedly for days and weeks. More than one observer, let alone the participants, can speak to having suffered post-event symptoms. This has all been ratcheted down, tied down, screwed shut and hermetically sealed with the pronouncements, legislative acts, surveillance, and Operation Gladio-style false flags that have been visited upon the world, topped off in horror by war, terror, simulated beheadings, Predator drone attacks, and the ugly assaults in Palestine, followed by smugness and impunity on the part of the perpetrators and complacent disinterest if not blatant complicity on the part of the stenographic, bubble-headed media. So what’s a distressed and depressed individual supposed to do?

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Abu_Ghraib_64.jpg

Well, we could seek out psychological help, but then we have to recognize that the psychologists themselves have been made to be complicit in quite direct and vivid fashion by their active participation in torture.  Nothing will induce psychological trauma more quickly than the kinds of things brought to bear on individuals by your government acting in cahoots with a pile of PhD’s… unless perhaps they are the kinds of things brought to bear on individuals by people who have been trained and taught by government agencies.  Psychiatry has long been harnessed by intel agencies.  So running off to see a shrink is of dubious value. The government has done little to assist the soldiers suffering from battle-ground PTSD, so our little socio-political variant will receive nothing but background monitoring through Google and Facebook to see how well the overall plan of attack on our resilience and well-being is advancing.

I guess there are always self-help books, but caveat lector because the publishing industry has long been part of the plan. Consult Melanson’s Perfectibilists and Millegan’s Fleshing Out Skull and Bones. Or this fellow, who earned a master’s degree in Clinical Psychology and worked as a licensed therapist in the mental health field with abused youth and adolescents for more than a quarter century. 

“Wednesday, August 24, 2016

America’s Overthrow by Enemies Within

My recent article exposes a brand new propaganda infomercial starring Angelina Jolie and 15 other high profile card-carrying members of the treasonous elitist “think tank” the Council on Foreign Relations. I outed its obvious attempt at an image makeover, upgrading its Mr. Burns-David Rockefeller image of wrinkled, old white men ruling the world to a new generation of bright young stars brilliantly working together to solve the planet’s most daunting challenges and problems facing humanity in the 21st century.  Yet a brief US history of the last 100 years with a more detailed focus on the last decade and a half since 9/11 reveals the true story in plain sight of how infiltrated traitors within our own government have long had scheming eyes on their sinister prize of one world government tyranny.

This article will demonstrate how a subhuman class of murderous psychopaths epitomized in the modern day era by the likes of the Bush-Clinton-Obama-CIA crime cabal family have treasonously overthrown America’s democratic republic and replaced it with today’s technocratic fascist totalitarian police state oligarchy. But the story could just as easily begin the same year America’s Founding Fathers signed the Declaration of Independence in July 1776. Another historically significant figure in Bavaria in southern Germany barely two months earlier was busy founding the secret Order of the Illuminati.

The son of a rabbi but trained in Jesuit tradition he later came to despise, German philosopher Adam Wieshaupt dabbled in Freemasonry and the Cabbala before developing his own secret society. With fellow Jewish Rothschild money, they plotted an ambitious, highly subversive plan for their anti-Catholic secret society of elitists to implement global governance. Influenced by both ancient Talmudic roots and Egyptian occult nearly two and a half centuries ago, prior to the United States even becoming a sovereign, independent nation, Weishaupt and his “illumined” order already identified the three major barriers deemed the true enemy of one world government.

For well over a century traitors within the US federal government have persistently sought to undermine and vanquish Weishaupt’s three declared enemy obstacles to one world government – American citizens’ love of God and their predominant Christian religion, patriotic love of country and national sovereignty, and love of family and parents that include private property inheritance. What is striking is that Karl Marx in his Communist Manifesto also calls for abolishment of family, private property, countries/nationalities and religion as well. One world government is the fait accompli umbrella that unites Marxists, Zionists, Fabian Socialists, the United Nations, the EU, the Parliamentary Group for World Government, Trilateral Commission, CFR, Bilderberg Group, Trans-Pacific Partnership, the TTIP, the Vatican and the World Council of Churches.

Obviously this globalist agenda has been winning on all accounts, overcoming aforementioned barriers targeted centuries earlier. Subsequently with the direction this nation has taken since 9/11 under the Bush-Obama regime, the US populace is more confused, polarized and conflicted than ever before.

The ruling elite has historically used US Empire to do its dirty bidding as both global bully and nation exterminator. From behind a thinly veiled curtain, the CFR’s been the Intel handler directing all US wars in a nonstop foreign policy conquest of global unipolar hegemony for the last 95 years now.

The same founders of the 1921 Council on Foreign Relations a few years earlier had deceitfully snuck through their secret Jekyll Island masterplan called the Federal Reserve Act as its financial WMD on the eve of Christmas Eve 1913 right after most Congress members had already left Washington on holiday break. Thus a band of powerful thieves was stealthily successful in infiltrating the government and hijacking America on their way to destroying our democratic republic. For good measure, during that same fateful year that our republic took it first fatal blow, they also finagled passage of their unconstitutional “1%” Federal Income Tax Act when they took license to begin stealing, misappropriating and bleeding working class Americans dry while monopolizing mega-giant corporations enjoy tax-free, corporate welfare subsidies. The US government oligarchy squeezes ten times more out of overburdened taxpayers for obscene corporate welfare programs than for welfare for America’s most poverty-stricken families. The rich get richer while a growing disenfranchised class of Americans are thrown to the Wall Street wolves as purged useless eaters as part of the elite’s eugenics endgame.

Once their Ponzi schemed 1913 Federal Reserve Act was in place, it took the parasitic traitors only a few months to began what was to become history’s deadliest “war to end all wars” killing 17 million people. Little more than a decade later the bankers’ intentionally manipulated the Great Depression and the treasonous failed coup of 1934 that “war is a racket” General Smedley Butler heroically stopped and exposed. Then the banking vultures like George W’s grandpa Prescott Bush turned to financing Hitler’s rise to power in order to cause history’s bloodiest of all wars in WWII killing over 60 million, followed immediately by the elite’s contrived cold war against their next bankrolled enemy the Communists that included both the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Fact based evidence clearly shows time and time again that all of America’s wars have been brought to us exclusively by the bankster gangsters who hijacked our government a century ago and been in the driver’s seat ever since.

In 1913 private bankers were able to seize control over America’s money supply, allowing them to print it out of thin air and over the years loaning the government trillions of dollars the US taxpayers would forever be footing the bill to pay off interests on all those war loan debts and big government pork barrel spending that keep mounting into the colossal, unpayable US debt (standing at near $20 trillion that’s doubled under Obama to match all previous presidencies combined!). The corrupt system of thievery has taxpayers paying for wars that bankers create, always financing both sides as in Germany’s pre-WWI militarization and the Bolshevik Revolution and later Hitler’s prewar rise to power. Washington and its allies have been busted for all along secretly funding America’s so called war on terror enemy – the al Qaeda/ISIS terrorists. By elite design, virtually every military conflict in US history has been intentionally started by bankers using false flag operations as their deceptive pretext for nonstop war 93% of the time.

After inventing al Qaeda (then mujahedeen) as paid CIA mercenaries that proved instrumental in breaking up the Soviet Empire in the “graveyard of empires” Afghanistan throughout the 1980’s, and again throughout the 90’s balkanizing a shattered Yugoslavia into a half dozen broken pieces, Washington’s Zionist neocons in control of foreign policy then decided to reinvent al Qaeda and their hitherto proxy war ally Osama bin Laden as the latest post-Soviet era bogeymen – Islamic terrorists. Using 19 box-cutting patsies on 9/11 led not by Osama but by CIA and 9/11 mastermind and former CFR president who was then Vice President Dick Cheney, with direct assistance from both Israel’s Mossad as well as the Saudi government, the infamous Bush regime traitors sloppily staged their pre-plotted PNAC “new Pearl Harbor“ as the biggest false flag in history on 9/11 murdering 3,000 of their own citizens and, in one fell swoop, began scapegoating over 2 billion Muslims worldwide in order to launch their “endless war on terror” that’s still raging stronger than ever today.

Their inside 9/11 job along with their anthrax terrorism (produced in a federal lab) was then used to rush through their Patriot Act, already pre-penned by the Bush-Cheney-Rumsfeld war criminal chain gang to finish the task begun back in 1913 to destroy the US as a democratic republic . The same secret societies like the Freemasons, Skull and Bones disciples and CFR lifers that infiltrated and hijacked our federal government a century earlier are even more firmly in control today. The Bush-Clinton-Obama crime cabal dynasty has been calling the shots ever since the assassination of John F. Kennedy, and they’re currently in the final stages of implementing their long awaited one world government tyranny. Recognizing that Americans are finally catching on to their endless crime cabal debauchery, the globalists are rushing to their NWO finish line.

A year after 9/11-Patriot Act inside job, the Department of Homeland Security artificially emerged to ostensibly protect Americans, but like all things Orwellian, does exactly the opposite. As part of the bloated, self-serving, bureaucratic security state apparatus, and terminal cancer to our lost democratic republic, it’s done little to none in stopping terrorism. What it does do is purge any records linking the Muslim Brotherhood to terrorism. Local San Bernardino and nearby Orlando Fort Myers mosques that had connections to the alleged false flag shooters were ordered erased. DHS has been repeatedly caught bussing unvetted illegal aliens from Somalia and who knows where else. The Orlando shooter was employed for nearly a decade at the world’s largest private security company GS4 that’s under contract with DHS transporting illegals from the border into America’s heartland as part of its catch and release policy.

An eyewitness video captured a UPS plane under the cover of darkness flying in human cargo presumably from the Middle East, loading them onto 30 busses and whisking them away from the Harrisburg, PA airport. State governors are complaining Obama is secretly sending refugees into states without even notifying the governors. With 6,227 Syrian refugees arriving this year as of July, Obama promised the UN he’d take in an additional 10,000 Syrians by the end of next month. Fulfilling promises to the global elite and UN obviously mean everything, unlike all his broken campaign promises like transparency to the American people. During Obama’s first five years in office alone, green cards were issued to 680,000 immigrants arriving from Muslim nations. Each year the US admits a quarter million Muslim migrants. Thanks to our treasonous commander-in-chief, unvetted and set free, ISIS cells in America are alive and well.

For the first time in a decade, near half the total refugees arriving in the US this year are Muslims outnumbering Christians. Obama’s open border policy has DHS ordering Border Patrol officers to stand down, permitting known drug traffickers and MS13 criminal gang members to freely enter and commit crimes against Americans. DHS is treasonously working with the UN to allow criminals and potential terrorists into our country at the same time DHS is targeting law abiding citizens who happen to be patriots, veterans, gun owners, constitutionalists and dissidents as its homegrown enemy.

Meanwhile, returning to those three sworn Illuminati enemies, through mass media propaganda and the likes of fourth wave feminism and the LBGT-PC agenda, the elite’s been busily engaging in social engineering that has globally undermined male-female relations, confused gender roles and sexuality, and subsequently by design seriously weakened the family bond. As a former licensed therapist working within the child welfare system, I can attest to deep state authoritarianism perpetrated by overzealous child protective services Nazis that wrongfully break up families and further abuse children who were my victimized clients. Oppressive overreach in both education and social services at federal, state and county levels has clearly usurped autonomous rights of America’s parents. The “progressive” idea being pushed nowadays insists that children no longer belong to their parents but the globalized community.

Much has been written about the subversive forces of social indoctrination heavily tainted in communist and socialist ideology now being so aggressively deployed by the so called progressive left. As an example, the Obama administration coerced 46 out of 50 states into accepting Common Core standards as a condition to receiving much needed federal aid funding. The systemic brainwash of today’s youth through a purposely dumbed down public education system is insidiously polluting impressionable young minds with Common Core garbage. The collectivist dogma frowns upon individuality and individual achievement as one’s value is only as good as one’s contribution and benefit toward the collective group. Unthinking conformity, group mindset and the Political Correctness agenda have suppressed, stifled and supplanted critical thinking, innate creativity and natural inquiry in pursuit of truth that dare questions authority. The brainwash factory in America goes to work early on in our schools to churn out mindless little robots who simply do what they’re told as zombified cogs in the factory wheel, only to find out that when they graduate the factory’s been closed, outsourced overseas for cheaper slave labor.

For over a decade US Homeland Security Department and FEMA have been recruiting and training America’s clergy to align as deep state propagandist oppressors during a national emergency under martial law. Many religious leaders have sold out on both God and their flock of worshippers to covertly join forces with the feds’ treasonous authoritarian tyranny. In order to retain their 501c3 IRS tax-exempt status, churches, synagogues, temples and mosques across America have been co-opted into nefariously leading their religious followers to the eugenics slaughterhouse, consequently forcing pastors and clerics to betray their own spiritual principles and teachings as taught by Jesus, Muhammad, Buddha.

Per a whistleblowing pastor, FEMA enlisted the biblical passage Romans 13 as the preaching talking point to use in sermons to brainwash their congregations into blindly obeying both them and the federal authorities as preparation for the coming crises. It’s an over-the-top, all too obvious government ploy to turn community religious leaders into secret police enforcers, rehearsing preparedness for potential bio-terrorist attacks, natural as well as unnatural disasters, declared national emergencies and martial law. Religious leaders will be counted on by the feds to help tame the “cowboy mentality” of American citizens determined to stand up for their property and Second Amendment rights when by executive order under martial law forced relocation, gun confiscation and property and livestock confiscation will be enforced.

The training sessions call upon the religious community to preach subservience well in advance of what’s coming and that the planned forced relocation of citizens will be “for their own good,” evoking benevolent Orwellian Big Brother assurance of guaranteed safety and protection as the lure to foster sheep-like obedience. FEMA trainers emphasize that the program is part of a nationwide preparedness directive under the umbrella of the National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (NVOAD) and ten years ago already had over 13,000 counties in the US on board. FEMA reps also reassure the religious leaders that they will receive full backup and cooperation from law enforcement at all levels when and where citizen resistance is encountered. A year after this story broke mainstream television station KSLA 12 confirmed the existence of these Clergy Response Teams operating as extensions of the federal government to help quell civil unrest and rebellion under national emergency conditions.

Meanwhile while the feds have been brainwashing pastors to become martial law pacifiers, Obama’s practically made it a sin to be a Christian in America. In the US military it literally is against the law to openly share your Christian faith, punishable by court martial. Obama has destroyed troop morale and devastated retention rates in the armed forces. Biblical scenes and Merry Christmas greetings as an annual Americana tradition has been outlawed in communities across America, replaced by the contrite PC cliché “happy holidays.” Daily prayer and a “God”-less Pledge of Allegiance has been surgically removed from every public education classroom across America. The rigid intolerance enforced in the name of PC radicalism that’s taken hold of America today shuns any display remotely Christian while going to extreme lengths not to offend Muslims seems oddly hypocritical, one-sided and unfair. And to those who succumb to ignorance and hate toward 2 million plus Muslims around the world because the US hired a few Godless mercenary thugs to commit heinous atrocities for the US Empire of Chaos and Destruction of course makes no logical or moral sense either.

Obama’s bizarre reaction last year to a Jordanian pilot burned alive by the Islamic State terrorists that he and Hillary created and the slaying and selling of children by ISIS is very telling. He told Christians to “get off your high horse” in response to the ISIS savagery, adding that Christians committed terrible deeds in the name of Christ referring to the Crusades and Inquisition against Islam and hanging blacks during Jim Crowism. But an astute critic asked, “Has he ever said ISIS has committed terrible deeds in the name of Muhammad?” Despite his repeated actions that indicate otherwise, Obama insists that he’s a Christian. But he has many doubters. In a poll taken last September, 29% of Americans (43% of the Republicans) think Obama is a Muslim while 43% of Americans believe he’s a Christian.

Having been caught telling over a thousand proven lies, Obama is a pathological liar and psychopath. His notorious character is shady from the get-go, a complete fraud demonstrated by his refusal to produce a valid birth certificate to illegally using a dead immigrant’s social security number issued in Connecticut where he’s never lived. But then psychopaths lie all the time. It’s their second nature, their Modus Operandi and a primary symptom of their mental illness that only feeds their self-serving drive for power, advantage and self-aggrandizement. Incapable of possessing either empathy or a moral conscience, hence Obama the actor’s only capable of shedding those crocodile artificially induced tears. As a condition of his and others like the Clintons and the Bushes, their callous, coldhearted, destructive actions that have harmed and murdered millions of humans produce zero guilt or remorse.

So no matter how many times Obama attempts to explain he’s really a Christian, people pay far more attention to his actions speaking louder than any of his deceitful words. In a C-SPAN speech last year in Turkey as well as a 2008 ABC interview with George Stephenopoulos, Obama momentarily let his guard down and rare honest words slipped out. The 2008 “my Muslim faith” admission was immediately corrected by Democratic faithful George. In addition to these faux pas, Obama once assured an Egyptian foreign minister that “I am a Muslim” and at another Islamic State dinner he uttered, “I am one of you.” And once a Pakistani government minister asked Obama to be the world leader for all Muslims.

His alleged Kenyan biological father was Muslim and in his youth from 6-10 he lived as Barry Soetoro in the most Muslim populated country on earth Indonesia with a Muslim stepfather. His third grade teacher told the LA Times he was a Muslim, stating that he registered as such in school and attended Muslim classes. Obama repeatedly omits Christian references to God and Creator when reciting historic passages like the Declaration of Independence. On a number of occasions he has mocked biblical scripture but even more frequently defends Islam. Before speaking at Georgetown and Notre Dame Universities, he ordered that the cross and religious symbols be covered yet whenever he visits mosques, he never requests a décor adjustment where Allah is posted everywhere. Vatican court’s highest ranking Cardinal Raymond Burke accuses Obama of being “hostile toward Christian civilization” and “promotes anti-life and anti-family policies.” Recall Illuminati and Marxist foremost NWO enemies – family and religion.

If that’s not enough to question where Obama’s loyalty lies, his Kenyan half-brother Malik Obama is a known Muslim Brotherhood member affiliated with a group the State Department classifies as terrorist. That might also explain why Obama’s DHS is wiping clean all incriminating records linking terrorism to Muslim Brotherhood. Additionally, Obama’s longtime senior advisor perhaps exerting the most influence and control over the president is Iran-born Muslim Valerie Jarrett. Through a freedom of information request, Judicial Watch obtained FBI investigative files showing that Jarrett’s father, father-in-law and maternal grandfather are/were Communists. Fellow Chicagoan Valerie Jarrett and her family also have ties to Obama’s old mentors terrorist Bill Ayers and Communist Frank Marshall Davis as well as the Muslim Brotherhood. Last year former Admiral James “Ace” Lyons, Jr. went public accusing Barack Hussein Obama as anti-American, pro-Islamic, pro-Muslim Brotherhood, outing both Valerie Jarrett as well as CIA director John Brennan as Muslims.

According to a former FBI agent, Obama’s choice of CIA director John Brennan converted to Muslim while stationed in Saudi Arabia years ago. A military intelligence whistleblower also outed the Muslim Brennan while he was CIA station chief in Jeddah maintaining that Brennan approved visas for the 19 alleged 9/11 terrorists. A couple of other credible sources have also come forth to further corroborate the veracity of these Muslim claims, among them former naval intelligence officer turned investigative journalist Wayne Madsen. Madsen contends that there’s “growing evidence” the CIA director’s a Wahhabist convert.

Also recall the highly suspicious death in June 2013 of muckraking journalist Michael Hastings who at the time was writing an expose on Brennan and US intelligence when his car was very likely remotely hacked and accelerated up to 80 MPH on an LA surface street before it suddenly exploded blowing the engine 100 feet from the charred body and vehicle. A WikiLeaks leak from Stratfor, a CIA linked global intelligence firm, mentioned how Brennan was on “a witch hunt” against snooping journalists. A nervous Hastings knew he was being investigated by the FBI and even had asked a friend to borrow her car earlier that same day. Michael Hastings had written two very high profile, unflattering Rolling Stone articles on two prominent generals in charge of the Afghanistan War. General Stanley McChrystal lost his job over Hastings’ revealing portrayal and then a second piece on General David Petraeus who seven months earlier was forced to resign as Brennan’s CIA predecessor after Petraeus’ scandalous affair with his biographer broke. Again, truth becomes the enemy to dark evil forces.

Having a standing US president and US head of intelligence both treasonous Muslims covertly promoting terrorism around the world amounts to the worst breach of both national as well as global security this planet’s ever known. Understanding the profound damage being done to the world by these two partners-in-crime working in tandem, this The New York Times article noting how close Obama and Brennan are suddenly makes more sense:

“In the 67 years since the CIA was founded, few presidents have had as close a bond with their intelligence chiefs.”

Other deeply disturbing influences on Obama’s life are his mentors. His longtime mentor Bill Ayers who first got him started in politics is a well-known terrorist from the Weather Underground back in the 1960’s and 70’s that somehow managed to avoid jail time. Ayers told an FBI informant that had infiltrated his group that once Weather Underground overthrew the US government, 50 million Americans would need to be rounded up and taken to re-education camps. If re-education failed, Ayers estimated that 25 million Americans would need to be exterminated. The informant was interviewed revealing Ayers diabolical plan in the 1982 documentary No Place to Hide: The Strategy and Tactics of Terrorism.

With his white mother a CIA employee, his grandparents CIA assets and raised among CIA handlers in both Hawaii, Indonesia and perhaps his entire life, Obama was carefully groomed as the Manchurian president selected by the elite to suddenly catapult out of obscurity onto the national stage. Early in Obama’s life from adolescence into young adulthood his closest mentor (and possibly his biological father) was African American Communist, poet and journalist Frank Marshall Davis. Davis was a victim of racism and hated it and America for that reason. As an alternative to the racist pecking order of imperialistic elitism, Frank Marshall Davis turned to Communism Soviet Stalinism style where he believed a black man would be on a more equal footing. During the time Obama knew him he’d become old and bitter. How much of that resentment and political ideology rubbed off on the young impressionable mulatto Barack struggling to find his blackness growing up in a white family without a black father? Probably quite a bit.

Obama mentions Frank (only by his first name) in his autobiography Dreams from My Father 22 times. But when it came time for his book to go audio in 2005 leading up to his run for presidency, Obama cunningly chose to totally erase Frank the Communist out of his life. With a violent subversive white radical terrorist and an angry bitter black Stalinist Communist most influential in making him the man he is today, steeped and bred in Manchurian CIA candidacy to become the most “powerful” front man in the world as long as he on cue successfully destroys racist Christian America for his ruling masters, I’d say he’s followed his script like the dutiful puppet he is to the T. His horrendous track record at deceit speaks volumes that only his demonic handlers can be proud of.

By the way, as power hungry puppets spawned from the same criminally psychopathic pond, the Muslim Brotherhood waters still run deep in crime boss Hillary’s shady world as well. Look no further than her right hand Muslim gal-pal who’s been her top aide the last 20 years – Huma Abedin. When Huma was two-years old her family moved from Michigan to Saudi Arabia where she lived until 18, returning to America to attend college. It turns out all the while Huma was working for Clinton, she also had a gig as assistant editor of the Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs from 1995 through 2008, a radical Sharia law publication where her Pakistani-born mother is editor out of offices in Jeddah. Mama Abedin also sits on the staff of an organization run by the leader of the Muslim Brotherhood.

The New York Post just ran a detailed article uncovering the family’s extremist views endorsing female circumcision, opposing women’s rights, attributing domestic violence to men’s stress in the world and blamed 9/11 on the US. This shocker is just the latest from the scandal-ridden Clinton campaign. While using a private internet server, Abedin helped Hillary sell off America to dangerous foreign interests. For more than a dozen years Huma Abedin worked for an organization whose stated objective is to infiltrate and conquer the West in the name of Islam. The elite has seen to it that all its major players are in place to destroy the United States from within by traitors who secretly hate America. Welcome to New World Disorder.

While practicing Christianity openly under Obama’s watch is becoming criminalized, or even displaying the American flag in front of your home on Flag Day can get you arrested, Obama and his Attorney General Loretta Lynch are making the politics of Political Correctness the new American law and religion. Uttering statements that may potentially offend someone in the universe is fast becoming a crime. Being critical of Muslims, apartheid Israel, the LGBT agenda or the federal government are increasingly construed as so called hate crimes that could land you in prison, especially if uttered by potential “homegrown extremists” deemed enemies of the state. Even filming the police in a police state can get you arrested. The assault on free speech and flagrant violations of the US Constitution that they took sworn oaths to uphold and protect is overwhelming. The First Amendment right of free speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly for peaceful protest are no longer recognized as our rule of law, and exercising those rights increasingly runs the risk of being beaten, thrown in jail or even killed. Freedom of press amongst the 6-oligarch owned MSM mega-media corporations is completely nonexistent. MSM puppets on each network read from the same disinformation script. And if the Trans-Pacific Partnership passes, the last vestige of a free press and free speech that still can be found on the internet will be totally censored, banned and lost. In this age of tyrannical deceit, truth becomes the enemy.

Our Fourth Amendment rights to unreasonable search and seizure as well as the right to privacy have been completely obliterated with electronic tracking and storing our every move, communicated utterance and transaction. Through civil asset forfeiture laws, police are able to legally rob us blind without warrants or probable cause, literally stealing our cash with no connection to any crime. But now since May law enforcement has taken it a step further with new scanning devices electronically capable of snatching money right out of our bank accounts. Cops took more assets from Americans in 2014 than all the burglars combined. Eminent domain allows the government at any level from local to federal to steal our home and property not always for public use but for private development as well. Executive Order 13603 authorizes Obama and his traitors to confiscate our 2nd Amendment right to bear firearms, to confiscate our stored food and water, our vehicles and all our property. Without pay until further notice, the presidential dictator can also literally conscript Americans into slavery. 2012 NDAA ended the 1878 Posse Comitatis law that prohibited US military from interfering in civil affairs. It authorizes military troops to break into our homes without warrant, without charges, arrest and imprison citizens without due process, without legal representation and without trial for an unlimited length of time… Gulag USA.

Bail-in laws give the criminal banksters the right to literally steal all our life savings right out of our “private” unsecured bank accounts. We’re now living in a lawless age of New World Disorder where grand theft rape and pillaging everything American citizens always cherished as our freedoms are gone. The treasonous traitors from within our own government have openly declared an apartheid war on Americans of every persuasion, color, creed, criminalizing anyone who demands accountability for the egregious acts of treason committed by agents from the federal as well as state and municipal levels.

After decades of war in the Middle East and North Africa, the globalists manufactured the migration crisis of near two million and counting (1.3 million in 2015 alone) in Europe and per Obama many more to come to America. The globalist plan is to weaken and destroy the West, creating such a clash of civilizations that a volatile enough racial and religious divide will foment race/religious civil wars.

Speaking of race war, in addition to being a top financier of Hillary’s crooked path to a rigged presidency, billionaire George Soros first helped fund her and her assistant Nuland’s illegal 2014 Ukraine coup, singlehandedly ushering in cold war 2 against Russia. Backing the fascist corrupt Kiev regime, Soros, Hillary and Obama have caused the bloody civil war still raging in eastern Ukraine that could easily ignite World War III that Hillary promises to deliver. And in recent weeks the war in the Donbass region is intensifying.

A recently released CIA report has surfaced pointing the finger at Soros financing a series of bombing attacks in Czechoslovakia during 1986 and 1987 in efforts to overthrow the then Communist government. Meet the terrorist behind the terrorists who’s been free to operate his paid for violence evil with impunity throughout the world now for 30 years.

Let us not forget Soros’ evil misdeeds in America with his intention to incite race wars on US soil. He dropped 33 million in a single year to deploy his paid army of bussed in agitators and co-opted Black Lives Matter protesters to invade inner cities whenever Obama’s coldblooded police force murder another unarmed black man. With near weekly incidents now of police killing unarmed Americans and Intel handled MK Ultra patsies killing police, at this point Obama, Hillary and Soros’ wet dream has almost been fulfilled. While racism exists in America, deep state is using it as an exploited, divide and conquer weapon to intentionally cause such out of control civil and racial violence that it will then be used as the convenient trigger for dictator Obama or dictator Hillary to declare martial law.

With ma and pa neighborhood stores selling made-in-America products long dead now, and America’s malls fast becoming dying ghost towns minus a disappearing, once vibrant middle class, times ahead look mighty grim for America. All 133 Target stores in Canada were closed last year and 154 Walmarts in the US are boarded up under contract with Homeland Security, most likely waiting to be reopened when the SHTF as FEMA roundup processing centers. With Obama dropping doom and gloom hints ominously warning Americans to be prepared for impending coming disasters, get ready for a series of rapid fire false flag crises, like a so called massive cyber-hack attack breaching America’s bank security declaring on Friday a banker’s holiday and inaccessibly frozen ATM’s and private bank account assets on Monday.

Or an EMP attack that’s been waiting to happen on America’s extremely vulnerable power grid that the feds have known about for years but refuse to invest in infrastructure to protect the 90% of Americans who would likely die without electricity within 12 months. Or the highly amplified weaponized cell towers capable of delivering non-thermal, radioactive heat that could fry us in our own backyard neighborhoods. Or the black ops Tesla inspired pulsar weapons technology related to HAARP weather warfare through diabolically staged unnatural disasters like earthquakes, volcanos, tsunamis, floods and droughts, combined with towers that resonate with brain frequencies for massive mind control using heavy metals as EMF conductors from geoengineered chemtrails. Or any fake or real human-made Zika, Ebola or any other virus in the military’s vast array that can easily be aerially launched as biological and/or chemical warfare on large swaths of the human population.

Nuclear weapons could begin disappearing in Turkey into unaccounted hands potentially with ISIS fingerprints on them. After all, the US has consistently been the main supplier of terrorists’ weapons – always “mysteriously” ending up in their hands. Speaking of weapons and supplies, recent sightings of massive movement of UN military vehicles and weapons in the US have been sighted perfectly timed with recent authorization for UN troop deployment on US soil under backdoor stipulation to “protect” civilians but could just as easily kill us under martial law orders when they come to lock us up and confiscate our guns. Or another flimsily veiled executive order signed on July 1st that authorizes new rules of engagement for deadly drones eradicating declared combatants moving amongst civilian populations that under Obama’s loose definition could easily be applied to homegrown civilians believing in the sanctity of our US Constitution and national sovereignty.

Or that enormous pink elephant some call Planet X now moving inside our solar system carrying a barraged projectile of space debris objects up to half mile-wide of meteors, asteroids and comets plunging towards the earth as a potential planetary life extinction event that our government refuses to inform us about. Or the most eminent danger of them all posed by the elite’s meticulously planned perfect storm of global economic collapse co-timed with World War III against Russia, China and Iran carrying the very real threat of nuclear annihilation. This growing collection of extremely plausible doomsday scenarios seem as endless as the globalists’ war on terror, except the terror being perpetrated on us is nothing short of premeditated human genocide by a Satan worshipping, pedophilia-addicted, trans-human elitist crime cabal syndicate. When history keeps repeating itself, more than convincingly demonstrating that the ruling elite possesses both the criminal means and willful intention to purge 90% of the global population, while enslaving the rest under absolute tyrannical one world government control, it’s time to wake up from this nightmare and start fighting back for our very lives.”

You can learn to manage your anxiety but take note of the fact that hardly anyone ever suggests that the simplest approach to reducing the amount of stress in your life is to isolate and remove that which is generating the stress in the first place.

But wait…

They had the same idea first, and they have the funds, the votes, and the plan.

“Your government is on red alert: between 2006 and 2014, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), an agency of the Department of Agriculture, spent nearly $4.8 million to purchase shotguns, propane cannons, liquid explosives, pyro supplies, drones, thermal imaging cameras, and more.

APHIS describes itself as “a multi-faceted Agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, administering the Animal Welfare Act, and carrying out wildlife damage management activities.” Liquid explosives and shotguns are apparently necessary to carry out its “broad mission.”

This is one of many revelations found in a new investigative report titled “The Militarization of America: Non-Military Federal Agencies Purchases of Guns, Ammo, and Military-style Equipment” published by American Transparency, a nonpartisan watchdog group. Former U.S. Senator Tom Coburn (R-OK), chairman of the organization, points out that, “In the nine years until 2014, we found 67 agencies unaffiliated with the Defense Department bought $1.48 billion in weapons and ammunition. Of this total, $335.1 million was spent by agencies traditionally viewed as regulatory or administrative, such as the Smithsonian Institution and the US Mint.”

The Department of Veterans Affairs — which is responsible for a number of fatalities due to medical care incompetence — has acquired nearly $11.7 million in defensive weaponry. The report also notes that, “The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) spent $3.1 million on guns, ammunition, and military-style equipment. The EPA has spent $715 million on its ‘Criminal Enforcement Division’ from FY2005 to present even as the agency has come under fire for failing to perform its basic functions.”

Military supplies have reinforced the basic functions of the Bureau of Public Debt in the amount of $2,792,060; the Energy Department amassed an armory worth $15,625,114 for its dangerous work; and the Office of Policy, Budget, and Administration strengthened its mission with $25,849,568 in firearms and military gear.

The report makes for scary reading: from 2006-2014, the Internal Revenue Service, with its 2,316 special agents, secured over $85,000 worth of guns, ammunition, and military supplies every single month — for 108 months straight — accumulating an armory worth more than $11 million.

Regulatory and administrative federal agencies that have firearm-and-arrest authority include the Small Business Administration, Social Security Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Education, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology can arrest me — at gunpoint?

Transferring unused military equipment to local governments and federal agencies began in 1997, when Congress established something innocuously termed the “1033 Program.” Essentially it is a shopping service, with lists of military accouterments.

Since 9/11, business has been very good. According to a September 14, 2012 USA Today story, “Roughly 12,000 police organizations are able to procure excess military merchandise – firearms, computers, helicopters, and hundreds of other products. In fiscal 2011, they acquired nearly $500 million worth of items.”

Not to be outclassed, the Department of Homeland Security awarded more than $2.2 billion in grants to local police in 2014-15:

•Military aid to Barry County, Michigan, population 59,173, includes 30 assault rifles, five grenade launchers, four armored vehicles, and a mine-resistant truck.

•For its protection, Granite City, Illinois, population 29,375, needs 25 M16 and M14 rifles, a military-armored truck, and a robot for explosive ordinance disposal.

•Rising Star, Texas has a population of 835 and one full-time policeman. From 2002-2011, there were no reported murders and the town recorded eight assaults. Rising Star stockpiled $3.2 million in munitions over a 14-month period.

On a positive note, the Los Angeles Unified School District announced that it would return the three grenade launchers it had required from the Defense Department — but keep its armored personnel carrier and 61 assault rifles, thank you.

American Transparency’s report observes, “One could argue the federal government itself has become a gun show that never adjourns with dozens of agencies continually shopping for new firearms.”

Gas masks, bayonets, truncheons, and armored trucks complete with rotating turrets are heady stuff for rank-and-file cops. Police look and act like combat-ready troops ready to suppress and control. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) released a study in 2014 (“War Comes Home: the Excessive Militarization of American Policing”) that describes the impact of military subsidies and training on local law enforcement: “Our analysis shows that the militarization of American policing is evident in the training that police officers receive, which encourages them to adapt a ‘warrior’ mentality and think of the people they are supposed to serve as enemies, as well as in the equipment they use, such as battering rams, flash-bang grenades, and armored personnel carriers.”

The ACLU report states, “American policing has become unnecessarily and dangerously militarized, in large part through federal programs that have armed state and local law enforcement agencies with the weapons and tactics of war, with almost no public discussion or oversight.”

In creating an Executive Order prohibiting the transfer of some military items to local police departments starting in 2016, President Obama said “We’ve seen how militarized gear can sometimes get people the feeling like there’s an occupying force – as opposed to a force that’s part of the community that’s protecting them and serving them.”

Senator Rand Paul (R-KY) agrees: “When you couple this militarization of law enforcement within erosion of civil liberties and due process that allows the police to become judge and jury — no knock searches, broad general warrants, pre-conviction forfeiture — we begin to have a very serious problem on our hands.”

In a police state, the police become an army and an army needs an enemy. The Feds think they have met the enemy and they’re convincing local police departments the enemy is us.

http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2016/08/the_enemy_is_us.html#ixzz4IHaLVO84 

engineering human evolution

engineering human evolution

Several weeks ago, a book about recipes for summoning demons and the agendas of those who practice alchemy arrived on my doorstep.

Music:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zs-23ALB_Tw

It was an explanation by several advanced students of deep theologies of the depths and depravities of attempts to improve the human condition by radically modifying and tinkering with the human condition.

Such experiments and theories, the authors explain, are apparently as old as the ages and show up dominantly in the hidden depths.  They are also present, though large hidden on purpose from our view, in today’s society and culture.  Like most of Joseph Farrell’s books, this is not light reading. Some call this kind of stuff alternative history, but that’s a kind brushing aside of the importance of the deep research that has been done and which he brings to the surface. On the timeline of history, Farrell and his co-author go way way back in order to help you see the trends into the future.  I highly commend the book to your bookshelf so that you may peer into the past, but I am going to zero in on a phrase or term he used on page 136 and discussed for another six or seven pages as the vehicle to assist you in seeing more clearly what’s happening right now and what it’s implications are for the future. [See also http://www.lulu.com/shop/joseph-p-farrell-and-scott-d-de-hart/dialogues-1-transhumanism-in-dialogue/paperback/product-21238670.html ]

Farrell was brought to my attention because I regularly read the blog over at the Solari Project, Catherine Austin Fitts’ private enterprise that teaches people to see and track where the money goes. I got very interested in what Fitts had to say after I’d read her on the topic of 9/11 (she was saying “follow the money” before all the dust had settled in Manhattan), on the topic of narcodollars, and most notably her treatise on the politics of the recent past known as Dunwalke.  As part of her development work, she once hired me to help her think through the possibilities of developing a board game, maybe a latter-day version of Monopoly in which people could see how bankers and others extracted financial value from a community and to teach them how to spend, act and shape their own home towns in an assertive and protective manner.  I failed that assignment though she paid me the $500 fee anyway, and I turned that money into a life-changing trip down the backside of the Appalachian ridge where I discovered much. She however went on more deeply into Solari Circles, the “Coming Clean” campaign and has since worked with others (including Farrell)  to to track covert budgets, an effort that gets updated under the term “Space-based Economy”.

See http://investmentwatchblog.com/catherine-austin-fitts-ufo-economy-3-0-the-black-budget-rockets-into-space/

http://www.educatinghumanity.com/2016/03/the-ufo-economy-black-budgets.html

http://www.darkjournalist.com/rpt-darkeconomy.php

http://thephaser.com/2015/11/the-breakaway-civilization-joseph-p-farrell-catherine-austin-fitts-richard-dolan/

http://awakeningdisclosure.com/category/secret-space-program-conference-2015/

and especially

https://secretspaceprogram.org/media/catherine-austin-fitts-4/.

 

The concept of a breakaway civilization is discussed on page 147 in Farrell’s “Transhumanism”, but we really need to step back at least one or two steps for the idea of a “breakaway civilization” comes into focus.

It’s the section of the book that runs from page 135 to 147 that will form the fuel of this blog entry.

The key phrase in particular?: The “GRIN technologies”. I was skimming when I encountered that and immediately went back to find the first reference: what are the GRIN technologies? The acronym stands for Genetic, Robotic, Information, and Nanotechnology.

Genetic technologies, the manipulation by humans of an organism’s genome, have exploded onto the scene in the fields of medicine, food, warfare, the development of laboratory chimera.

Robotics are transforming industry and warfare, aeronautics and space travel, health services including surgery, terrestrial and extra-terrestrial exploration and mining, and in the home environment.

Information technologies have been with us for decades and are now foreseen within a digital revolution including “algorithms, predictive analytics, artificial intelligence, statistical probability matrices and” the acceleration of learning, the “smartness” inherent in the “evolving nexus of forces” (‘clouds’, social, mobile and information all coming together). “Desktop” has given way to ‘smart’ phones, androids, pads,  and similar devices and social media wherein information will become a commodity like electricity. Learning about data mining has been a growth industry for years.

Nanotechnology is, according to Wikipedia, the “manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale”. “Nanotechnology as defined by size is naturally very broad, including fields of science as diverse as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, semiconductor physics, microfabrication, molecular engineering, etc.”

… While the international transhumanist movement has existed for decades, it’s been growing like wildfire in the last 18 months. Media coverage of transhumanism has tripled in the last year according to the Institute of Ethics and Emerging Technologies. Transhumanism is featured in a number of recent blockbuster Hollywood movies, including Transcendence, Lucy, and Oscar-winning Her. And a younger generation—many in high school and college—appear to be embracing it….

http://motherboard.vice.com/read/transhumanist-a-conspiracy-theory-problem

If your brain can’t get its synapses around the convergence of these four concepts/technologies, then you surely can understand the concept of a “breakaway civilization” and the fact that some current corporations and governments will work very hard to inform, educate, train and harness financial and other energies and to prevent others from knowing about them and what the powers that be are doing and plan to do with them. That’s why you should be interested in what Fitts and Farrell have to say. The powers that be hasten to effect their escape, leaving the less-fortunate, the not-wealthy, the less informed, the “useless eaters”, to face a world that they have set on a course toward self-destruction.

In Neal Stephenson’s 2015 novel Seveneves, survivors of a worldwide holocaust are tasked with seeding new life on a dormant Earth. Rather than create specific breeds of animals to be hunters, scavengers, or prey, species like “canids” are developed with mutable epigenetic traits, with the intention that the animals would quickly transform into the necessary roles that would be required for an ecosystem to rapidly evolve. Additionally, a race of humans, “Moirans,” are created to survive in space, with the hope that this subspecies of human would be able to adapt to unforeseeable dangers and circumstances, via an epigenetic process called “going epi”.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epigenetics

Two important references noted by Farrell and de Hart in their book are Joel Garreau’s Radical Evolution: The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies — and What It Means to be Human, and Ray Kurzweil’s The Singularity is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology.

Garreau notes that the GRIN technologies overlap and intermingle to create a “curve of change unlike anything we humans have ever seen and that each of them, taken individually, are transformative and “each hold the potential to change human nature itself.”  Farrell and de Hart cite Kurzweil when they say that “taken together, or engineered or employed in various combinations, the transformation is even more sweeping”; it is alchemical.

The target, says Garreau, is the very essence of man’s nature. “The goal is to seamlessly merge mind and machine, engineering human evolution so as to directly project and amplify the power of our thoughts throughout the universe.”

 

Are you a transhumanist?  Take the test here:

http://indiafuturesociety.org/transhumanist-take-test/

 

The leading transhumanist might once have been thought to be Ray Kurzweil, computer scientist, inventor and futurist involved in fields such as optical character recognition (OCR), text-to-speech synthesis, speech recognition technology, and electronic keyboard instruments. He has written books on health, artificial intelligence (AI), transhumanism, the technological singularity, and futurism. Says Wikipedia: “Kurzweil is a public advocate for the futurist and transhumanist movements, and gives public talks to share his optimistic outlook on life extension technologies and the future of nanotechnology, robotics, and biotechnology…. Kurzweil has authored seven books, five of which have been national bestsellers. The Age of Spiritual Machines has been translated into 9 languages and was the #1 best-selling book on Amazon in science. Kurzweil’s book The Singularity Is Near was a New York Times bestseller, and has been the #1 book on Amazon in both science and philosophy…. He maintains the news website KurzweilAI.net …. he is quoted in the documentary Transcendent Man as saying that the household always produced discussions about the future and technology…. In December 2012, Kurzweil was hired by Google in a full-time position to “work on new projects involving machine learning and language processing”. … Kurzweil’s book, How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed, was released on Nov. 13, 2012.”

But Ray isn’t running for President under the banner of the transhumanist party; that honor goes to Zoltan Istvan, “an American journalist[2] and transhumanist. He writes transhumanist-themed columns: “The Transhumanist Philosopher” a blog for Psychology Today and “Transhumanist Future” for Vice’s Motherboard. He has also worked as a reporter for the National Geographic Channel and is a blogger of futurist, transhumanist, and atheist topics for The Huffington Post.  He is the author of The Transhumanist Wager, a philosophical science fiction novel….”

Note the backgrounds and histories of both Kurzweil and Istvan and their self-proclaimed spiritual/religious identities, as well as their personal perspectives and approaches to immortality.

relevant graphic:

http://raszl.com/sites/default/files/field/image/heaven.png

theme music:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dy4HA3vUv2c

 

“… the ultimate goal of transhumanism is nothing less than the scientific and technological reversal of the Tower of Babel Moment of History, of The Fall of Man, and the alchemical ascent back up the scala caeli, the ladder to heaven…. The implications of this are … breathtaking.  At the head of the list is the alchemical fusion of man and mineral in the form of implanted computer chips to “enhance” the abilities of humans to interface directly with computers…. Any human being — a microcosm — will be capable of becoming a macrocosm, of literally stretching out to control [something millions of miles away.]. The next step is toward true computer-enhanced telepathy and interface…, to seamlessly merge mind and machine, engineering human evolution so as to to directly project and amplify the power of thought throughout the universe.” [page 138, Farrell and de Hart]

It is, according to Kurzweil, tantamount to reverse-engineering the human brain. “Indeed, as he points out, the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, based in Munich, has already engineered a computer chip that allows human neurons to be grown on a computer chip, directly interfacing with it, [as well as] technologies that allow it to detect when specific neurons are fired [and] allow them to cause or prevent certain neurons from firing, in short, to modify human consciousness and behavior directly via computer implants.” [page 139, Farrell and de Hart]

In the transhumanist theory, the world-wide web will become a super-brain or super-consciousness long ago envisioned by Nicola Tesla. “[H]ow does one maintain one’s individuality and freedom in such a world, given the ability of these technologies to directly modify memory, behavior, and individual consciousness? [See BoyDownTheLane.com/metabolization.] And who will be the “system administrators” and “operators” in this brave new world? What is being engineered, in other words, is literally the technological version of the corporate person, where it is no longer a legal metaphor, but a technological reality, a single “distributed and interconnected brain…”. The referenced source is the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Commerce [where Penny Pritzker is the chief]. [The book notes the afore-mentioned Garreau book which in turn references Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance [http://www.wtec.org/ConvergingTechnologies/Report/NBIC_report.pdf ]as well as Gregory Stock’s Redesigning Humans and Metaman.]

The potential military applications are discussed by Farrell and de Hart, especially DARPA’s Continuous Assisted Performance component of their “super-soldier” program, on page 141 through 143. The mission brief of the Defense Sciences Office, described as the DARPA inside DARPA, a coordinating think tank not unlike those used by Nazi Germany, a “secret community of interaction between scientists secretly investigating radical concepts”, in some senses a “breakway civilization” itself, the enhanced isolated from the rest of us, is this: The elite engineered group of new humans will be able to think faster an more creatively, have near-photographic memories, read books with total recall and comprehension in minutes, repair their own bodies and maintain peak health, live longer, require less sleep, and communicate more quickly with greater clarity to allow coordinated action in shorter time periods.

Three scenarios are envisioned [page 145]  in the long run:

  1. The “Heaven” scenario, in which the emerging technologies portend a being and blissful future of longevity, of work as play, of sweeping extensions of human group consciousness not only globally but on a cosmic scale;
  2. The “Hell” scenario, in which the same technologies lead humanity to a cart strophic end, due to accidental leaks of deadly viruses, or cataclysmic wars utilizing new weapons, or through simple inability of human society and humans to cope with the sweeping changes as old institutions break down under th technological weight, and crumble into anarchy;
  3. The “Prevail” scenario is, as might be expected, a mixture of the previous twp, full of promise, to be sure, but also of reverses and setbacks, until ultimately, humanity makes choices regarding the technologies, and “muddles through”.

There is much much more in the book; I highly recommend your reading it and/or learning as much as possible as soon as possible about its topics.

For more on the concept of a Breakaway Civilization:

http://authors.exopaedia.org/edkomarek/chapter-03.html 

http://breakawaycivilization.com 

http://breakawaycivilization.com/2016/01/08/the-end-goal-of-the-breakaway-civilization/ 

Joseph P. Farrell on Funding Black-Budget Exotic Technology and Breakaway Civilization

Posted on April 24, 2014

https://amunaor.com/2014/04/24/joseph-p-farrell-funding-black-budget-technology-breakaway-civilization/ 

http://gizadeathstar.com/2011/05/darpa-nasa-and-the-breakaway-civilization/ 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zoXxqdg4gl8 80 minutes, left on auto-play for the 100-minute Part Two

 

Transhumanism in the Business World

The top ten seed companies: http://gmwatch.org/gm-firms/10558-the-worlds-top-ten-seed-companies-who-owns-nature

The top 20 pharmaceutical companies are noted here:

http://www.contractpharma.com/issues/2011-07/view_features/the-top-20-pharmaceutical-companies/

The fifty most influential scientists:

http://www.thebestschools.org/features/50-influential-scientists-world-today/

Here’s FastCompany’s look at the ten most innovative companies in robotics.

RoboticsTrends notes the top 50 companies in the world for 2016 based on based on their innovation, groundbreaking application, commercial success and potential, and represent many different levels and facets of the robotics ecosystem.

This international compilation spans 11 countries and in addition to the large conglomerates, 20% of the list is comprised of lesser-known startups.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WOqEk440JZ8

I’ve left this in autoplay: there are two documentaries which follow totaling 80 minutes.

Here’s a map showing “the locations (by zipcode) of companies, universities, government laboratories, and organizations working in nanotechnology around the United States.”

Information technologies will not be covered in detail here; you could probably make your own list, starting with the NSA, including IBM, Apple, et al.  If you need further help, here’s Fortune’s list for 2015.

What are the psychic, cognitive and spiritual energies for scientific development of transhumanism?

A slow and reading of Transhumanism by Farrell and de Hart will give you the deep history from past millennia.  I would also recommend the books by Antony C. Sutton and the edited tome by Kris Millegan on Skull & Bones, as well as Terry Melanson’s detailed and footnoted book called “Perfectibilists”. Jonathan Moreno’s book “Mindwars” is noted in “Alarumed” below under Further Reading.

Who provided the venture capital? Other than business off-shoots created by the CIA, you’ll likely find billionaire transhumanists who are into eugenics, starting with the Rockefellers, and Bill Gates, the very rich fellow who climbed to the top of the information technology heap.

I don’t have a list of the definitive and unbleached histories of the Rockefellers and others of their era and ilk, but the reading list at the bottom of a llong excerpt from Eustace Mullins’ book “Murder by Injection” also notes Tarbell, Coleman, Sutton and others.  Here is Chapter ten of that book: http://fr.bio.medecine.narkive.com/pfIwt9hY/murder-by-injection-the-rockefeller-syndicate

According to Wikipedia, transhumanism is sometimes abbreviated as H+ or h+.

 

 

Hillary Clinton’s collegiate breakout:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/hillary-clintons-breakout-moment-at-wellesley-college/

via

http://turcopolier.typepad.com/sic_semper_tyrannis/2016/08/gordon-p-and-althea-p-lang-26.html

Further reading:

The Secret Space Program and Breakaway Civilization

Authored by Mr. Richard M. Dolan 

Edition: First

https://www.createspace.com/6505003 [just ordered]

http://gizadeathstar.com [Farrell’s own home web site]

http://www.seattletimes.com/business/technology/lee-hood-bill-gates-and-a-kick-in-the-teeth/

http://www.thesullenbell.com/2015/05/12/alarumed/

http://boydownthelane.com/tag/bourne-legacy/

“TransEvolution: The Coming Age of Human Deconstruction” by Daniel Estulin

http://vigilantcitizen.com/musicbusiness/transhumanism-psychological-warfare-and-b-e-p-s-imma-be/

https://richardedmondson.net/2016/08/14/tyrannogenic-a-new-word-to-describe-threats-caused-by-government/

http://appleinsider.com/articles/16/08/14/tim-cook-says-ai-augmented-reality-are-core-technologies-in-apples-future

http://www.joshuapress.com/key-issues/52-the-faces-of-origins-a-historical-survey-of-the-underlying-assumptions-from-the-early-church-to-the-twenty-first-century-9781894400589.html

” xBML (extended Business Modelling Language) is an intuitive graphical language that unlocks the DNA of a corporation using a system of diagrams based on five Ws (Who; What; Which; Where; When). xBML gives companies an complete and accurate map of their enterprise, that can then be re-used repeatedly to describe, plan and create improvement.”

 

http://wallstreetonparade.com/2016/08/swiss-central-bank-holds-5-3-billion-in-amazon-apple-google-facebook-and-microsoft-stocks/

http://opentranscripts.org/transcript/war-inside-human-body-enhanced-for-war/

THE LIFE AND DEATH OF NSSM 200:

How the Destruction of Political Will Doomed a U.S. Population Policy

http://www.population-security.org/index.html

http://rockefeller100.org/exhibits/show/health/family-planning

http://www.blacklistednews.com/10_Things_We_Know_About_The_Mock_Human_Sacrifice_That_Was_Just_Conducted_At_CERN/53589/0/38/38/Y/M.html

http://img.new.livestream.com/events/000000000041e3e6/dd9bf920-e942-4cb0-9920-8781537608b8.png

Lies and Obfuscation

 

oswald-life-cover

Lies and Obfuscation

We live in a world which is purposely seeded with lies and obfuscation, as evidenced by the domestic propaganda produced by the National Geographic to convince the broad public that the Tsarnaev brothers really were the culprits who placed backpacks carrying pressure cooker bombs near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, allowing a massive re-direction of attention away from the fact that the brothers had been “handled” by CIA operatives, that private military contractors (some of which may have been equipped with new secretive hand-held surveillance technologies) were not present on the scene, etc etc.

Obfuscation was recently documented as well in the fact that the tail numbers on the aircraft (supposedly one-of-a-kind indicators) used by human traffickers were duplicates. (See this PDF: Madsen on Epstein, Dyncorp et al ).

The purposeful creation of made-for-public-consumption falsehood has been well-documented by numerous investigators in the infamous Sandy Hook hoax.

Even astute well-informed readers can do some quick research to show that newly-created corporations engaged for the national security are the same old organizations deeply integrated into past events; they simply re-invent themselves at least in name and show up to act and then evaporate.

 

An author by the name of George Michael Evica published a book in 2006 that reached back into World War Two to show the genesis of this kind of activity and who was involved. Originally published by Alibris as a massively-footnoted and often repetitive examination for historians and investigators of the assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, and then edited down for the general reader by Kris Millegan for his stable of books at Trineday.com, “A Certain Arrogance” is a series of “eight essays on the history of international intelligence (primarily U.S. espionage), on Allen Dulles and John Foster Dulles and their manipulation of religious groups and individuals to achieve U.S. elitist goals, on the development of U.S. psychological warfare operations, and on the manipulative creation of the patsy in the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

The focus on the manipulation of religion is ongoing today, as seen here and here. You can spot other historical examples as well as those appearing in ongoing events.

It is my desire and intent that by posting selected excerpts from Evica’s “A Certain Arrogance”, you the reader will be better equipped to smell out the purposeful advancement of made-for-public-consumption of falsehood.

I trust that the Evica family and the inimitable Charles Drago will forgive me my excesses.

I am not going to suggest that my selective focus on a limited number of essays is going to or should replace your own reading of this book. Editing by definition lends its own spin, unintentional or sub-conscious as it might be. Authors and investigators and bloggers must remain open to the analyses of others; we only strengthen one another in the search for clarity.

If you buy the book, a long glance through the bibliography will provide you further direction and fodder. I’ve pinpointed over 25 excerpts, the latter ones quite long, as they fall into the fifth and sixth essays.

In PDF format, here are the excerpts:    Certain Arrogance

 

~ ~ ~

Just arrived:

http://anniejacobsen.com/operation-paperclip/ 

~ ~ ~

Addendum:

Robert Barsocchini reminds me on 2/16/15 with 

http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2015/02/bernsteins-reminder-us-media.html

of Carl Bernstein’s old documentaiton

http://www.carlbernstein.com/magazine_cia_and_media.php

communication and social conflict

Music audio:

The Philarmonics – Dvořák’s New World Symphony/Largo (Jazz Version 1977)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJTAo9AexdU (4:31)

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I went through the archives of some old blogs from the days when I was on Blogger’s Blogspot.  The first batch is from the first week of July, 2013, so we’re looking back almost a year.

In early July, tends of thousands were in the streets of Egypt, when Chris Floyd said:

“… the sinister machinations of the literally machine-hearted Dick Cheney and his chump of a frontman, the noted naked self-portraitist, George W. Bush. For as Fred Branfman reminds us in a powerful new piece, the Executive Branch of the United States government has murdered, maimed and dispossessed many millions of innocent people in the past few decades alone in senseless, pointless, criminal actions. It is a long and richly detailed piece, and should be read in full….”

Superiority Complex: The Reach and Roots of America’s Stasi Regime

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Wayne Madsen, a former US navy lieutenant who first worked for the NSA in 1985 and over the next 12 years held several sensitive positions within the agency, named Denmark, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Spain and Italy as having secret deals with the US. http://archive.today/SdLeW 

Madsen said the countries had “formal second and third party status” under signal intelligence (sigint) agreements that compels them to hand over data, including mobile phone and internet information to the NSA if requested.

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“…. The power of truth-tellers like Bradley Manning, Julian Assange, and Edward Snowden is that they dispel a whole mythology carefully constructed by the corporate cinema, the corporate academy and the corporate media. WikiLeaks is especially dangerous because it provides truth-tellers with a means to get the truth out. This was achieved by ‘Collateral Murder’, the cockpit video of an US Apache helicopter allegedly leaked by Bradley Manning. The impact of this one video marked Manning and Assange for state vengeance. Here were US airmen murdering journalists and maiming children in a Baghdad street, clearly enjoying it, and describing their atrocity as “nice”. Yet, in one vital sense, they did not get away with it; we are witnesses now, and the rest is up to us.”

http://johnpilger.com/articles/understanding-the-latest-leaks-is-understanding-the-rise-of-a-new-fascism 

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Kevin Flaherty, who has forgotten more about information technology than most of the rest of know, had some brilliant insights here: http://www.cryptogon.com/?p=35884

He looked back into the past as well and came up with Room 641A and the placement of beam splitters

“One of [his] long standing theories is that the NSA intercepts represent the front end of something like Synthetic Environments for Analysis and Simulation system. What are they doing with these simulations? [See next, and next.]

I would like to know more about MAIN CORE.

I’m pretty confident that realtime geolocation data from mobile phones/license plate readers/cameras/??? are being used as a sort of invisible tripwire. If people on the MAIN CORE list happen to stray too close to certain physical locations (critical infrastructure, corporate headquarters, government installations, etc.), that could trigger… shall we say, a variety of responses. This would be very, very trivial to implement.

Is there an automatic mechanism that adds individuals to MAIN CORE? Book purchases, Google searches, websites visited, movie or television watching habits, the number of firearms at a residence???

What is the nature of the quantum computing systems to which NSA has access?….”

Flaherty mentioned Main Core; in the comments at that link to his own blog, he mentioned another entry: 

http://cryptogon.com/2006_10_15_blogarchive.html#116113782172259609 (about fusion centers and more):

“…Back in 1995, the few of us who studied information warfare read this in a Pentagon document: “The Internet could also be used offensively as an additional medium in psychological operations campaigns and to help achieve unconventional warfare objectives….”

BOSTON (Reuters) – Disaffected people living in the United States may develop radical ideologies and potentially violent skills over the Internet and that could present the next major U.S. security threat, U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff said on Monday.

“We now have a capability of someone to radicalize themselves over the Internet,” Chertoff said on the sidelines of a meeting of International Association of the Chiefs of Police.

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Main Core is something I’ve read extensively about.  At one point, the late great Ed Encho (author of a major four-part series on the topic) riffed back and forth on the topic. He and I talked about the possibility of doing a blog jointly, but I insisted on knowing his full accurate name and address and phone number, and he was being hassled by an Internet troll, and he slipped beneath the waves inside the tubes.  He’s resurfaced as Donn Marten and holds court at http://carryingaflag.blogspot.com/ where just today he’s posted NSA Reform is Dead: Tech Companies Must Act to Protect Us Now.

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Music audio:

Stan Kenton and his Orchestra (5:10)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veKsxNFatYo

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http://r3.cygnuspub.com/files/cygnus/image/EMSR/2011/OCT/600×400/urbanshield2011021_10440470.png 

On the basis of those synthetic environments for analysis and simulation and the research I’d done on simulation, I simply hold up a four-card flush:

a 3D visualization interface that could enable human virtual omnipresence (http://teamcore.usc.edu/papers/2005/SS105SchurrN.pdf ); 

the Urban Shield series of exercises that have been run in a number of cities including Boston (http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2013/06/07/before-police-could-plan-for-terrorist-attack-real-thing-happened/ufxjb9O0RXyzVZNPFyGkiI/story.html );

the creation of a realistic 3D model of the entire Los Angeles basin (“A Real Time Visualization System for Large Scale Urban Environments”, William Jepson and Scott Friedman, UCLA Urban Simulation Team (http://www.ust.ucla.edu/~bill/UST.html but the link no longer works); 

and that famous quote:

Today Americans would be outraged if U.N. troops entered Los Angeles to restore order; tomorrow they will be grateful! This is especially true if they were told there was an outside threat from beyond whether real or promulgated, that threatened our very existence. It is then that all peoples of the world will pledge with world leaders to deliver them from this evil. The one thing every man fears is the unknown. When presented with this scenario, individual rights will be willingly relinquished for the guarantee of their well being granted to them by their world government.


– Henry Kissinger in an address to the Bilderberger meeting at Evian, France, May 21, 1992, as transcribed from a tape recording made by one of the Swiss delegates.

pastedGraphic.png Henry Kissinger quotes (American Political scientist. b.1923)

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http://stuffpoint.com/memes/image/131554-memes-what-if-i-told-you-.jpg 

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Robin Westenra at SeeMoreRocks brought us this:

Professor David Morris of George Washington University explains the psychopathy ruling our nation, and the world, at the present moment.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=KGfVYTxrK7Y (8:34)

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There were several articles about “World War Z”, a 55-minute YouTube on the Rothschild family, and an article detailing research on the topic of Phillip Marshall and his investigation into the role that the Pinal Air Park/Marana Airfield outside of Tucson, Arizona played in the 9/11 attack. The story has now been made into a movie; there were 16 articles.

There were reviews of Radley Balko’s “Rise of the Warrior Cop” [ “a creeping battlefield mentality has isolated and alienated American police officers and put them on a collision course with the values of a free society” ][you’re keeping up with the many reports about increasing police brutality, I trust], and “Stalin’s Secret Agents: The Subversion of Roosevelt’s Government”

In the latter: 

“… The facts presented here expose shocking cover-ups, from the top FDR aides who threatened internal security and free-world interests by exerting pro-Red influence on U.S.policy, to the grand juries that were rigged, to the countless officials of the Roosevelt and Truman administrations who turned a blind eye to the penetration problem…..”

“… A central message of the book – never explicitly stated – is that there was an international conspiracy to, in effect, overthrow Western civilization. (The authors would never point it out, but readers of the book will notice that a high percentage of the people involved were Jewish. Readers of this review will notice, as well, that some of the key brave people sounding the alarm over this subversion were also Jewish.) Not only was the U.S. government penetrated at the highest level, but this organized Communist network also apparently controlled key positions in the U.S. opinion-molding business…..”

http://archive.lewrockwell.com/orig13/martin-david2.1.1.html 

 [See below…]

I also forecast my acquisition and consumption of Kevin Ryan’s Another Nineteen: Investigating Legitimate 9/11 Suspects, and Bob Tuskin had called in on an NPR show and got cut off when he mentioned WTC7. By that time, Snowden had holed up in Moscow.

http://m.ruvr.ru/2010/03/31/1238312922/RIA-503882-Preview.jpg.1000x297x1.jpg 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Terminal_Man 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Terminal_Man_(film

Hoping to cure his violent seizures, a man agrees to a series of experimental microcomputers inserted into his brain but inadvertently discovers that violence now triggers a pleasurable response his brain. [ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0072267/ ]

 

Terrence Malick, the director of Badlands, wrote to Hodges expressing how much he loved watching The Terminal Man, saying “Your images make me understand what an image is.”[3]

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Terminal 

 

Steven Spielberg traveled around the world to find an actual airport that would let him film for the length of the production, but could not find one. The Terminal set was built in a massive hangar at the LA/Palmdale Regional Airport. The hangar, part of the U.S. Air Force Plant 42 complex was used to build the Rockwell International B-1B bomber. The set was built to full earthquake construction codes and was based on the Düsseldorf International Airport. The shape of both the actual terminal and the set viewed sideways is a cross section of an aircraft wing. The design of the set for The Terminal, as noted by Roger Ebert in his reviews and attested by Spielberg himself in a feature by Empire magazine, was greatly inspired by Jacques Tati‘s classic film Play Time.

 

http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnn/dam/assets/130626102131-01-moscow-airport-horizontal-gallery.jpg 

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http://prorev.com/1306highpay.jpg 

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You will have to decide weather or not this is pertinent to wassappenin.

One or about July 7, 2008, The Weather Channel was purchased by [GE Owned NBC] for $3.2 Billion, with Britain’s Queen as a major shareholder and by two equity firms; 1 is [Bain Capital owned by Romney and 2 Blackstone which is a big illuminati company] as the Chairman of the Board proves, he is a khazar CFR player, (probably representing Rothschilds interests) AND was managing director of Lehman Bros. Wow, a true insider.

http://tinyurl.com/politicslvelcraft 

 

Weather Services International (WSI), part of the Weather Channel, announced that it will acquire Weather Central in a deal that further consolidates the  Weather Channel’s grip on weather-related technology for both professional and consumer applications. Terms of the deal were not disclosed.

This is the second M&A deal in the last 2 months for the Weather Channel.   In July of 2012 the Weather Channel acquired Weather Underground for an undisclosed price.

The transaction is a relatively quick, and presumably profitable, deal for private equity firm E.L. Rothschild LLC, who in January 2011 bought a 70% stake in Weather Central.  At that time, Weather Central had 180 employees, including 70 meteorologists, and said it had more than 400 broadcast television clients in 21 countries worldwide, including a 46% market share of North America’s weather information delivery market for broadcast and media.

“The acquisition of Weather Central enables us to immediately expand the range of products we offer to each company’s business clients in television, wind energy, insurance and retail, as well as increase the speed at which we can develop new innovations,” said Mark Gildersleeve, president of WSI. “Our goal is to make the best products available to our collective customer base. Every broadcast customer, for example, will gain access to new tropical data, radar data, forecast models, and severe weather tracking tools within the first thirty days at no charge. In addition, we are offering a wider suite of products in the interactivity, social, news, traffic, web, mobile and video categories.”

.

Related Content:

Press Release: Weather Services International Acquires Weather Central

The Weather Channel Acquires Weather Underground

Press Release: E.L. Rothschild LLC Acquires a Majority Stake in Weather Central, LP

There was a third source for the same content but it has been taken down, but another popped up soon enough.

.

What’s your forecast? 

 

Here’s one of their advertisers: 

http://www.511tactical.com/?utm_source=AdRoll&utm_medium=banner&utm_content=300×250&utm_campaign=craft 

Gonna have to get me some of them there tactical pants and a couple of pouches and a backpack. They’ll come in right handy in the coming storms.

 

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http://en.mchs.ru/media/img/en_logo.png 

 

You know the bidness going on currently between Russia and the US?  

On July 1, 2013, Paul Joseph Watson over at infowars.com reported:

As part of a deal signed last week in Washington DC between the Russian Emergency Situations Ministry and FEMA, Russian officials will provide “security at mass events” in the United States, a scenario that won’t sit well with Americans wary of foreign assets operating on US soil.

According to a press release by the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense and Emergencies, US and Russian officials met on June 25 at the 17th Joint U.S.-Russia Cooperation Committee on Emergency Situations.

In addition to agreeing with FEMA to “exchange experts during joint rescue operations in major disasters,” the Russian Emergency Situations Ministry will also be providing “security at mass events” in the United States.

This suggests that events designated as “National Special Security Events” by the Department of Homeland Security, which include the Super Bowl, international summits such as the G8 and presidential inaugurations, will now rely partly on Russian authorities to provide security.

Russia immediately denied this http://en.ria.ru/world/20130702/182017287/No-Russian-Security-Guards-at-American-Mass-Events–US-Agency.html and FEMA insisted they still share information on “best practices”. 

“… Mass casualty attacks and disasters generate domestic political pressure to “do something,” and Hurricane Katrina gained worldwide attention to the apparent inability of the most advanced industrialized nation in the world to respond to natural disaster of this scope after having remade much of its emergency management after September 11 (Cooper & Block, 2006). And while most large “focusing events” can reveal a range of policy failures and prospects for learning (Birkland, 1998; May, 1992), it is important to consider whether and to what extent the “correct” lessons were learned. Two “lessons” that policy makers derived from the September 11 attacks were the putative need to create what became the Department of Homeland Security, or DHS, and, once such an idea gained acceptance, the “need” for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to be a part of that agency…..” http://cstl-cla.semo.edu/wmiller/ps691/Birkland%202.pdf

I am reminded, too, of the not-widely-known secret meeting of Dick Cheney et al after the Iran-Contra affair to review the “lessons learned”.  Cheney was in charge of all drills and exercises in the run-up to and during 9/11.

“… they had a meeting after 9/11 of the people who were in, in the White House, who worked in Iran-Contra–that would be Abrams and Cheney, and there were others involved who were also in the White House and they had a meeting of lessons learned, I’m telling you literally took place. They had a meeting with a small group of people who worked for Reagan and for George Bush when he was Vice President, his father, George Herbert Walker Bush, anyway.

And at the meeting, here were some of the conclusions: that the Iran-Contra thing, despite the disasters, proved you could do it, you could run operations without Congressional money and get away with it…..”

http://emptywheel.firedoglake.com/2009/03/23/cheneys-assassination-squads-and-iran-contra-and-findings/ 

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North Carolina National Guard Rapid Reaction Force Civil Unrest Training Photos

July 3, 2013 in Headline

The following photos depict soldiers from the 252nd Combined Arms Battalion training in June for their role as a “rapid reaction force” capable of responding anywhere in the state of North Carolina within “four to eight hours with additional forces arriving within 24 to 36 hours.”  The same unit trained in March to respond “to an emergency ahead of federal assets by providing site security, establishing roadblocks or checkpoints, and assisting civilian authorities in controlling civil disturbances.”

The exercises depicted below were held from June 10-14 at an abandoned shopping mall and a water treatment facility in Charlotte.  Soldiers trained to suppress protesters who perform a sit-in as part of a fictional group called “The Pink Panthers.”  According to the North Carolina National Guard, the exercise at the water treatment facility tests soldiers’ “ability to use nonlethal force to disperse a crowd of aggressors.”  Photos of the exercise show soldiers operating from Be On the Look Out (BOLO) notices with the identities of specific individuals in the crowd, listed as “AIN Members,” that are to be targeted for arrest.

Photos via North Carolina National Guard and Grant Baldwin Photography.

Research Credit: HongPong

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As the grills and fireworks and the Fourth were getting warmed up, we saw evidence of ‘Imperial Skyjacking’ with Evo Morales being suspected of transporting Snowden, an act which echoed recently in the Ukraine.  History shows us other assassinations by shoot-down (Yamamoto, Wellstone, and perhaps others). The National Security Archive had something on The Israel-Argentina Yellowcake Connection, and according to Zero Hedge citing china.org.cn, the Chinese and the Russians were conducting joint naval drills, and Intellihub had a good review of the laws on “accessory” as they pertain to the media cover-up of 9/11 (but those links have disappeared now too). 

There was (and still is) a YouTube video on the world’s scariest drug (scopolamine), a healthy dose of which was once recommended for me by a violinist who supported Mike Ruppert’s POV on his discussion board about “collapse”.  

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http://fauquierfreecitizen.com/seventy-two-killed-resisting-gun-confiscation-in-boston/ 

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Traveling With Bernays 

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Bernays )

Sky Deutschland has developed technology to transfer advertisements from train windows directly and silently into commuters’ heads.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=azwL5eoE5aI (1:26)

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnologyandtelecoms/media/10158311/Sky-Deutschland-to-broadcast-adverts-directly-into-train-passengers-heads.html 

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Speaking of trains, the Lac-Megantic event occurred  on July 6th http://globalnews.ca/news/767745/timeline-of-events-in-lac-megantic-disaster/ and the Israeli Medical Association was called in to consult on methods of handling the hunger strikers at Gitmo. 

The Michael Hastings crash was on the minds of a few (and it still is this week ), the Bin Laden Raid Files Moved from Pentagon to CIA to More Easily Shield Them from Public Scrutiny, and the criminal probe into Jon Corzine and MF Global was dropped due to lack of evidence. Egypt and the debate about metadata both exploded, and HongPong brought us this photo:

http://hongpong.com/files/tumblr_mpmf8mqcx41s7r7rso1_1280.jpg  

 

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Finally, when fishing around in the archives, I found this:

 

 

The purportedly “scientific” application of propaganda, terror, and state pressure as a means of securing an ideological victory over one’s enemies

“Worldview Warfare” and The Science of Coercion

by Christopher Simpson

Excerpts from The Science of Coercion, Oxford University Press, 1994

www.globalresearch.ca   23 November 2003

 

The URL of this article is: http://globalresearch.ca/articles/SIM311A.html

 

During the second half of the 1930s, the Rockefeller Foundation underwrote much of the most innovative communication research then under way in the United States. There was virtually no federal support for the social sciences at the time, and corporate backing for the field usually remained limited to proprietary marketing studies. The foundation’s administrators believed, however, that mass media constituted a uniquely powerful force in modem society, reports Brett Gary, 28 and financed a new project on content analysis for Harold Lasswell at the Library of Congress, Hadley Cantril’s Public Opinion Research Project at Princeton University, the establishment of Public Opinion Quarterly at Princeton, Douglas Waples’ newspaper and reading studies at the University of Chicago, Paul Lazarsfeld’s Office of Radio Research at Columbia University, and other important programs.

As war approached, the Rockefeller Foundation clearly favored efforts designed to find a “democratic prophylaxis” that could immunize the United States’ large immigrant population from the effects of Soviet and Axis propaganda. In 1939, the foundation organized a series of secret seminars with men it regarded as leading communication scholars to enlist them in an effort to consolidate public opinion in the United States in favor of war against Nazi Germany — a controversial proposition opposed by many conservatives, religious leaders, and liberals at the time — and to articulate a reasonably clear-cut set of ideological and methodological preconceptions for the emerging field of communication research. 29

Harold Lasswell, who had the ear of foundation administrator John Marshall at these gatherings, over the next two years won support for a theory that seemed to resolve the conflict between the democratic values that are said to guide U.S. society, on the one hand, and the manipulation and deceit that often lay at the heart of projects intended to engineer mass consent, on the other. Briefly, the elite of U.S. society (“those who have money to support research,” as Lasswell bluntly put it) should systematically manipulate mass sentiment in order to preserve democracy from threats posed by authoritarian societies such as Nazi Germany or the Soviet Union.

One Rockefeller seminar participant, Donald Slesinger (former dean of the social science at the University of Chicago), blasted Lasswell’s claims as using a democratic guise to tacitly accept the objectives and methods of a new form of authoritarianism. “We [the Rockefeller seminar] have been willing, without thought, to sacrifice both truth and human individuality in order to bring about given mass responses to war stimuli,” Slesinger contended. “We have thought in terms of fighting dictatorships- by-force through the establishment of dictatorship-by-manipulation. 30 Slesinger’s view enjoyed some support from other participants and from Rockefeller Foundation officers such as Joseph Willits, who criticized what he described as authoritarian or even fascist aspects of Lasswell’s arguments. Despite this resistance, the social polarization created by the approaching war strongly favored Lasswell, and in the end he enjoyed substantial new funding and an expanded staff courtesy of the foundation. Slesinger, on the other hand, drifted away from the Rockefeller seminars and appears to have rapidly lost influence within the community of academic communication specialists.

World War II spurred the emergence of psychological warfare as a particularly promising new form of applied communication research. The personal, social, and scientific networks established in U.S. social sciences during World War II, particularly among communication researchers and social psychologists, later played a central role in the evolution (or “social construction”) of U.S. sociology after the war. A detailed discussion of U.S. psychological operations during World War 11 is of course outside the scope of this book. There is a large literature on the subject, which is discussed briefly in the Bibliographic Essay at the end of this text. A few points are worth mentioning, however, to introduce some of the personalities and concepts that would later play a prominent role in psychological operations and communication studies after 1945.

The phrase “psychological warfare” is reported to have first entered English in 1941 as a translated mutation of the Nazi term Weltanschauungskrieg (literally, worldview warfare), meaning the purportedly scientific application of propaganda, terror, and state pressure as a means of securing an ideological victory over one’s enemies. 31 William “Wild Bill” Donovan, then director of the newly established U.S. intelligence agency Office of Strategic Services (OSS), viewed an understanding of Nazi psychological tactics as a vital source of ideas for “Americanized” versions of many of the same stratagems. Use of the new term quickly became widespread throughout the U.S. intelligence community. For Donovan psychological warfare was destined to become a full arm of the U.S. military, equal in status to the army, navy, and air force. 32

Donovan was among the first in the United States to articulate a more or less unified theory of psychological warfare. As he saw it, the “engineering of consent” techniques used in peacetime propaganda campaigns could be quite effectively adapted to open warfare. Pro-Allied propaganda was essential to reorganizing the U.S. economy for war and for creating public support at home for intervention in Europe, Donovan believed. Fifth-column movements could be employed abroad as sources of intelligence and as morale-builders for populations under Axis control. He saw “special operations — meaning sabotage, subversion, commando raids, and guerrilla movements — as useful for softening up targets prior to conventional military assaults. “Donovan’s concept of psychological warfare was all-encompassing,” writes Colonel Alfred Paddock, who has specialized in this subject for the U.S. Army War College. “Donovan’s visionary dream was to unify these functions in support of conventional (military) unit operations, thereby forging a ‘new instrument of war.'” 33

Donovan, a prominent Wall Street lawyer and personal friend of Franklin Roosevelt, convinced FDR to establish a central, civilian intelligence agency that would gather foreign intelligence, coordinate analysis of information relevant to the war, and conduct propaganda and covert operations both at home and abroad. In July 1941 FDR created the aptly named Office of the Coordinator of Information, placing Donovan in charge. 34

But that ambitious plan soon foundered on the rocks of Washington’s bureaucratic rivalries. By early 1942 the White House split the “white” (official) propaganda functions into a new agency, which eventually became the Office of War Information (OWI), while Donovan reorganized the intelligence, covert action, and “black” (unacknowledgeable) propaganda functions under deeper secrecy as the OSS. Officially, the new OSS was subordinate to the military leadership of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, but the relationship between the military and the civilian OSS was never smooth. Donovan frequently used his personal relationship with FDR to sidestep the military’s efforts to restrict the OSS’s growing influence. 35

Similar innovations soon spread through other military branches, usually initiated by creative outsiders from the worlds of journalism or commerce who saw “psychological” techniques as a means to sidestep entrenched military bureaucracies and enhance military performance. Assistant Secretary of War John J. McCloy, a longtime Wall Street colleague of Donovan, established a small, highly secret Psychologic Branch within the War Department General Staff G-2 (Intelligence) organization. (McCloy is probably better known today for his later work as U.S. high commissioner of Germany, chairman of the Chase Bank, member of the Warren Commission, and related posts). 36 McCloy’s Psychologic Branch was reorganized several times, briefly folded in the OSS, shifted back to military control, and renamed at least twice. The Joint Chiefs meanwhile established a series of high-level interagency committees intended to coordinate U.S. psychological operations in the field, including those of the relatively small Psychological Warfare Branches attached to the headquarters staffs of U.S. military commanders in each theater of war. If this administrative structure was not confusing enough, the psychological warfare branch attached to Eisenhower’s command in Europe soon grew into a Psychological Warfare Division totaling about 460 men and women. 37

These projects helped define U.S. social science and mass communication studies long after the war had drawn to a close. Virtually all of the scientific community that was to emerge during the 1950s as leaders in the field of mass communication research spent the war years performing applied studies on U.S. and foreign propaganda, Allied troop morale, public opinion (both domestically and internationally), clandestine OSS operations, or the then emerging technique of deriving useful intelligence from analysis of newspapers, magazines, radio broadcasts, and postal censorship intercepts.

The day-to-day war work of U.S. psychological warfare specialists varied considerably. DeWitt Poole — a State Department expert in anticommunist propaganda who had founded Public Opinion Quarterly while on sabbatical at Princeton before the war-became the chief of the Foreign Nationalities Branch of the OSS. There he led OSS efforts to recruit suitable agents from immigrant communities inside the United States, to monitor civilian morale, and to analyze foreign- language publications for nuggets of intelligence. Sociologists and Anthropologists such as Alexander Leighton and Margaret Mead concentrated on identifying schisms in Japanese culture suitable for exploitation in U.S. radio broadcasts in Asia, while Samuel Stouffer’s Research Branch of the U.S. Army specialized in ideological indoctrination of U.S. troops. Hadley Cantril meanwhile adapted survey research techniques to the task of clandestine intelligence collection, including preparations for the U.S. landing in North Africa. 38

There were six main U.S. centers of psychological warfare and related studies during the conflict. Several of these centers went through name changes and reorganizations in the course of the war, but they can be summarized as follows: (1) Samuel Stouffer’s Research Branch of the U.S. Army’s Division of Morale; (2) the Office of War Information (OWI) led by Elmer Davis and its surveys division under Elmo Wilson; (3) the Psychological Warfare Division (PWD) of the U.S. Army, commanded by Brigadier General Robert McClure; (4) the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) led by William Donovan; (5) Rensis Likert’s Division of Program Surveys at the Department of Agriculture, which provided field research personnel in the United States for the army, OWI, Treasury Department, and other government agencies; and (6) Harold Lasswell’s War Communication Division at the Library of Congress.

Dozens of prominent social scientists participated in the war through these organizations, in some cases serving in two or more groups in the course of the conflict. The OWI, for example, employed Elmo Roper (of the Roper survey organization), Leonard Doob (Yale), Wilbur Schramm (University of Illinois and Stanford), Alexander Leighton (Cornell), Leo Lowenthal (Institut fur Sozialforschung and University of California), Hans Speier (RAND Corp.), Nathan Leites (RAND), Edward Barrett (Columbia), and Clyde Kluckhohn (Harvard), among others. 39

(The institutions in parentheses simply indicate the affiliations for which these scholars may be best known.) OWI simultaneously extended contracts for communications research and consulting to Paul Lazarsfeld, Hadley Cantril, Frank Stanton, George Gallup, and to Rensis Likert’s team at the Agriculture Department. 40 OWI contracting also provided much of the financial backbone for the then newly founded National Opinion Research Center. 41

In addition to his OWI work, Nathan Leites also served as Lasswell’s senior research assistant at the Library of Congress project, as did Heinz Eulau (Stanford). 42 Other prominent contributors to the Lasswell project included Irving Janis (Yale) and the young Ithiel de Sola Pool (MIT), who, with Leites, had already begun systematic content analysis of communist publications long before the war was over. 43 Lasswell’s Library of Congress project is widely remembered today as the foundation of genuinely systematic content analysis in the United States. 44

At the Army’s Psychological Warfare Division, some prominent staffers were William S. Paley (CBS), C. D. Jackson (Time/Life), W. Phillips Davison (RAND and Columbia), Saul Padover (New School for Social Research), John W. Riley (Rutgers), Morris Janowitz (Institut fur Sozialforschung and University of Michigan), Daniel Lerner (MIT and Stanford), Edward Shils (University of Chicago), and New York attorney Murray Gurfein (later co-author with Janowitz), among others. 45 Of these, Davison, Padover, Janowitz, and Gurfein were OSS officers assigned to the Psychological Warfare Division to make use of their expertise in communication and German social psychology. 46 Other prominent OSS officers who later contributed to the social sciences include Howard Becker (University of Wisconsin), Alex Inkeles (Harvard), Walter Langer (University of Wisconsin), Douglas Cater (Aspen Institute), and of course Herbert Marcuse (Institut fur Sozialforschung and New School). 47 0SS wartime contracting outside the government included arrangements for paid social science research by Stanford, the University of California at Berkeley, Columbia, Princeton, Yale’s Institute of Human Relations, and the National Opinion Research Center, which was then at the University of Denver. 48 Roughly similar lists of social scientists and scholarly contractors can be discovered at each of the government’s centers of wartime communications and public opinion research. 49

The practical significance of these social linkages has been explored by social psychologist John A. Clausen, who is a veteran of Samuel Stouffer’s Research Branch. Clausen made a systematic study during the early 1980s of the postwar careers of his former colleagues who had gone into the fields of public opinion research, sociology, and psychology. 50 Some twenty-five of twenty-seven veterans who could be located responded to his questionnaire; of these, twenty-four reported that their wartime work had had “lasting implications” and “a major influence on [their] subsequent career.” Clausen quotes the reply of psychologist Nathan Maccoby (Stanford): “The Research Branch not only established one of the best old-boy (or girl) networks ever, but an alumnus of the Branch had an open door to most relevant jobs and career lines. We were a lucky bunch.” Nearly three-fifths of the respondents indicated that the Research Branch experience “had a major influence on the direction or character of their work in the decade after the war,” Clausen continues, “and all but three of the remainder indicated a substantial influence…. [F]ully three-fourths reported the Branch experience to have been a very important influence on their careers as a whole.” 51

Respondents stressed two reasons for this enduring impact. First, the wartime experience permitted young scholars to closely work with recognized leaders in the field — Samuel Stouffer, Leonard Cottrell, Carl Hovland, and others-as well as with civilian consultants such as Paul Lazarsfeld, Louis Guttman, and Robert Merton. In effect, the Army’s Research Branch created an extraordinary postgraduate school with obvious scholarly benefits for both “students” and the seasoned “professors.”

Second, the common experience created a network of professional contacts that almost all respondents to the survey found to be very valuable in their subsequent careers. They tapped these contacts later for professional opportunities and for project funding, according to Clausen. “Perhaps most intriguing” in this regard, Clausen writes,

was the number of our members who became foundation executives. Charles Dollard became president of Carnegie. Donald Young shifted from the presidency of SSRC [Social Science Research Council] to that of Russell Sage, where he ultimately recruited Leonard Cottrell. Leland DeVinney went from Harvard to the Rockefeller Foundation. William McPeak … helped set up the Ford Foundation and became its vice president. W. Parker Mauldin became vice president of the Population Council. The late Lyle Spencer [of Science Research Associates] . . . endowed a foundation that currently supports a substantial body of social science research. 52

There was a somewhat similar sociometric effect among veterans of OWI propaganda projects. OWI’s overseas director Edward Barrett points out that old-boy networks rooted in common wartime experiences in psychological warfare extended well beyond the social sciences. Among OWI alumni,” he wrote in 1953, are

the publishers of Time, Look, Fortune, and several dailies; editors of such magazines as Holiday, Coronet, Parade, and the Saturday Review, editors of the Denver Post. New Orleans Times-Picayune, and others; the heads of the Viking Press, Harper & Brothers, and Farrar, Straus and Young; two Hollywood Oscar winners; a two-time Pulitzer prizewinner; the board chairman of CBS and a dozen key network executives; President Eisenhower’s chief speech writer; the editor of Reader’s Digest international editions; at least six partners of large advertising agencies; and a dozen noted social scientists. 53

Barrett himself went on to become chief of the U.S. government’s overt psychological warfare effort from 1950 to 1952 and later dean of the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism and founder of the Columbia Journalism Review. 54

It is wise to be cautious in evaluating the political significance of these networks, of course. Obviously Herbert Marcuse drew quite different political conclusions from his experience than did, say, Harold Lasswell, and it is well known that even some of the once closely knit staff of the Institut fur Sozialforschung who emigrated to the United States eventually clashed bitterly over political issues during the cold war. 55 Nevertheless, the common experience of wartime psychological warfare work became one step in a process through which various leaders in the social sciences engaged one another in tacit alliances to promote their particular interpretations of society. Their wartime experiences contributed substantially to the construction of a remarkably tight circle of men and women who shared several important conceptions about mass communication research. They regarded mass communication as a tool for social management and as a weapon in social conflict, and they expressed common assumptions concerning the usefulness of quantitative research-particularly experimental and quasi- experimental effects research, opinion surveys, and quantitative content analysisas a means of illuminating what communication “is” and improving its application to social management. They also demonstrated common attitudes toward at least some of the ethical questions intrinsic to performing applied social research on behalf of a government. The Clausen study strongly suggests that at Stouffer’s Research Branch, at least, World War II psychological warfare work established social networks that opened doors to crucial postwar contacts inside the government, funding agencies, and professional circles. Barrett’s comments concerning the Psychological Warfare Division suggest a similar pattern there. As will be discussed in more depth in the next chapter, the various studies prepared by these scientists during the war — always at government expense and frequently involving unprecedented access to human research subjects — also created vast new data bases of social information that would become the raw material from which a number of influential postwar social science careers would be built.

The CIA and the Founding Fathers of Communication Studies

Turning to a consideration of CIA-sponsored psychological warfare studies, one finds a wealth of evidence showing that projects secretly funded by the CIA played a prominent role in U.S. mass communication studies during the middle and late 1950s. The secrecy that surrounds any CIA operation makes complete documentation impossible, but the fragmentary information that is now available permits identification of several important examples.

The first is the work of Albert Hadley Cantril (better known as Hadley Cantril), a noted “founding father” of modem mass communication studies. Cantril was associate director of the famous Princeton Radio Project from 1937 to 1939, a founder and longtime director of Princeton’s Office of Public Opinion Research, and a founder of the Princeton Listening Center, which eventually evolved into the CIA-financed Foreign Broadcast Information Service. Cantril’s work at Princeton is widely recognized as “the first time that academic social science took survey research seriously, and it was the first attempt to collect and collate systematically survey findings.” 70 Cantril’s The Psychology of Radio, written with Gordon Allport, is often cited as a seminal study in mass communication theory and research, and his surveys of public opinion in European and Third World countries defined the subfield of international public opinion studies for more than two decades.

Cantril’s work during the first decade after World War II focused on elaborating Lippmann’s concept of the stereotype the “pictures in our heads,” as Lippmann put it, through which people are said to deal with the world outside their immediate experience. Cantril specialized in international surveys intended to determine how factors such as class, nationalism, and ethnicity affected the stereotypes present in a given population, and how those stereotypes in turn affected national behavior in various countries, particularly toward the United States. 71 Cantril’s work, while often revealing the “human face” of disaffected groups, began with the premise that the United States’ goals and actions abroad were fundamentally good for the world at large. If U.S. acts were not viewed in that light by foreign audiences, the problem was that they had misunderstood our good intentions, not that Western behavior might be fundamentally flawed.

Cantril’s career had been closely bound up with U.S. intelligence and clandestine psychological operations since at least the late 1930s. The Office of Public Opinion Research, for example, enjoyed confidential contracts from the Roosevelt administration for research into U.S. public opinion on the eve of World War 11. Cantril went on to serve as the senior public opinion specialist of the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (an early U.S. intelligence agency led by Nelson Rockefeller and focusing on Latin America), of the World War II Office of War Information, and, in a later period, as an adviser to President Eisenhower on the psychological aspects of foreign policy. During the Kennedy administration, Cantril helped reorganize the U.S. Information Agency. 72

According to the New York Times, the CIA provided Cantril and his colleague Lloyd Free with $1 million in 1956 to gather intelligence on popular attitudes in countries of interest to the agency. 73 The Rockefeller Foundation appears to have laundered the money for Cantril, because Cantril repeatedly claimed in print that the monies had come from that source. 74 However, the Times and Cantril’s longtime partner, Lloyd Free, confirmed after Cantril’s death that the true source of the funds had been the CIA. 75

Cantril’s first target was a study of the political potential of “protest” voters in France and Italy, who were regarded as hostile to U.S. foreign Policy. 76 That was followed by a 1958 tour of the Soviet Union under private, academic cover, to gather information on the social psychology of the Soviet population and on “mass” relationships with the Soviet elite. Cantril’s report on this topic went directly to then president Eisenhower; its thrust was that treating the Soviets firmly, but with greater respect — rather than openly ridiculing them, as had been Secretary of State John Foster Dulles’ practice — could help improve East-West relations. 77 Later Cantril missions included studies of Castro’s supporters in Cuba and reports on the social psychology of a series of countries that could serve as a checklist of CIA interventions of the period: Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Egypt, India, Nigeria, Philippines, Poland, and others. 78

An important focus of Cantril’s work under the CIA’s contract were surveys of U.S. domestic public opinion on foreign policy and domestic political issues — a use of government funds many observers would argue was illegal. 79 There, Cantril introduced an important methodological innovation by breaking out political opinions by respondents’ demographic characteristics and their place on a U.S. ideological spectrum he had devised — a forerunner of the political opinion analysis techniques that would revolutionize U.S. election campaigns during the 1980s. 80

A second-and perhaps more important — example of the CIA’s role in U.S. mass communication studies during the 1950s was the work of the Center for International Studies (CENIS) at MIT. The CIA became the principal funder of this institution throughout the 1950s, although neither the CENIS nor the CIA is known to have publicly provided details on their relationship. It has been widely reported, however, that the CIA financed the initial establishment of the CENIS; that the agency underwrote publication of certain CENIS studies in both classified and nonclassified editions; that CENIS served as a conduit for CIA funds for researchers at other institutions, particularly the Center for Russian Research at Harvard; that the director of CENIS, Max Millikan, had served as assistant director of the CIA immediately prior to his assumption of the CENIS post; and that Millikan served as a “consultant to the Central Intelligence Agency,” as State Department records put it, during his tenure as director of CENIS. 81 In 1966, CENIS scholar Ithiel de Sola Pool acknowledged that CENIS “has in the past had contracts with the CIA,” though he insisted the CIA severed its links with CENIS following a bitter scandal in the early 1960s. 82

CENIS emerged as one of me most important centers of communication studies midway through the 1950s, and it maintained that role for the remainder of the decade. According to CENIS’s official account, the funding for its communications research was provided by a four- year, $850,000 grant from the Ford Foundation, which was distributed under the guidance of an appointed planning committee made up of Hans Speier (chair), Jerome Bruner, Wallace Carroll, Harold Lasswell, Paul Lazarsfeld, Edward Shils, and Ithiel de Sola Pool (secretary). 83 It is not known whether Ford’s funds were in fact CIA monies. The Ford Foundation’s archives make clear, however, that the foundation was at that time underwriting the costs of the CIA’s principal propaganda project aimed at intellectuals, the Congress for Cultural Freedom, with a grant of $500,000 made at CIA request, and that the Ford Foundation’s director, John McCloy (who will be remembered here for his World War II psychological warfare work), had established a regular liaison with the CIA for the specific purpose of managing Ford Foundation cover for CIA projects. 84 Of the men on CENIS’s communication studies planning committee, Edward Shils was simultaneously a leading spokesman for the CIA-backed Congress for Cultural Freedom Project; Hans Speier was the RAND Corporation’s director of social science research; and Wallace Carroll was a journalist specializing in national security issues who had produced a series of classified reports on clandestine warfare against the Soviet Union for U.S. military intelligence agencies. 85 In short, CENIS communication studies were from their inception closely bound up with both overt and covert aspects of U.S. national security strategy of the day.

The CENIS program generated the large majority of articles on psychological warfare published by leading academic journals during the second half of the 1950s. CENIS’s dominance in psychological warfare studies during this period was perhaps best illustrated by two special issues of POQ published in the spring of 1956 and the fall of 1958. Each was edited by CENIS scholars-by Ithiel de Sola Pool and Frank Bonilla and by Daniel Lerner, respectively — and each was responsible for the preponderance of POQ articles concerning psychological warfare published that year. The collective titles for the special issues were “Studies in Political Communications” and “Attitude Research in Modernizing Areas.” 86

CENIS scholars and members of the CENIS planning committee such as Harold Ina”, Y. B. Damle, Claire Zimmerman, Raymond Bauer, and Suzanne Keller 87 and each of the special issue editors” provided most of the content. They drew other articles from studies that CENIS had contracted out to outside academics, such as a content analysis of U.S. and Soviet propaganda publications by Ivor Wayne of BSSR and a study of nationalism among the Egyptian elite by Patricia Kendall of BASR that was based on data gathered during the earlier Voice of America studies in the Mideast. 89

The purported dangers to the United States of “modernization” or economic development in the Third World emerged as the most important theme of CENIS studies in international communication as the decade of the 1950s drew to a close. Practically without exception, CENIS studies coincided with those issues and geographic areas regarded as problems by U.S. intelligence agencies: “agitators” in Indonesia, student radicals in Chile, “change-prone” individuals in Puerto Rico, and the social impact of economic development in the Middle East. 90 CENIS also studied desegregation of schools in Little Rock, Arkansas, as an example of “modernization.” 91

In these reports, CENIS authors viewed social change in developing countries principally as a management problem for the United States. Daniel Lerner contended that “urbanization, industrialization, secularization [and] communications” were elements of a typology of modernization that could be measured and shaped in order to secure a desirable outcome from the point of view of the U.S. government. “How can these modernizing societies-in-a-hurry maintain stability?” Lerner asked. “Whence will come the compulsions toward responsible formation and expression of opinion on which a free participant society depends?” 92

In The Passing of Traditional Society and other texts, Lerner contended that public “‘participation’ [in power] through opinion is spreading before genuine political and economic participation” in societies in developing countries 93 — a clear echo of Lippmann’s earlier thesis. This created a substantial mass of people who were relatively informed through the mass media, yet who were socially and economically disenfranchised, and thus easily swayed by the appeals of radical nationalists, Communists, and other “extremists.” As in Lippmann’s analysis, mass communication played an important role in the creation of this explosive situation, as Lerner saw it, and in elite management of it. He proposed a strategy modeled in large part on the campaign in the Philippines that combined “white” and “black” propaganda, economic development aid, and U.S.-trained and financed counterinsurgency operations to manage these problems in a manner that was “responsible” from the point of view of the industrialized world.

This “development theory,” which combined propaganda, counter- insurgency warfare, and selective economic development of targeted regions, was rapidly integrated into U.S. psychological warfare practice worldwide as the decade drew to a close. Classified U.S. programs employing “Green Beret” Special Forces troops trained in what was termed “nation building” and counterinsurgency began in the mountainous areas of Cambodia and Laos. 94 Similar projects intended to win the hearts and minds of Vietnam’s peasant population through propaganda, creation of “strategic hamlets,” and similar forms of controlled social development under the umbrella of U.S. Special Forces troops can also be traced in part to Lerner’s work, which was in time elaborated by Wilbur Schramm, Lucian Pye, Ithiel de Sola Pool, and others. 95 Lerner himself became a fixture at Pentagon-sponsored conferences on U.S. psychological warfare in the Third World during the 1960s and 1970s, lecturing widely on the usefulness of social science data for the design of what has since come to be called U.S. -sponsored low-intensity warfare abroad. 96

The Special Operations Research Office’s 1962 volume The U.S. Army’s Limited-War Mission and Social Science Research and the well-publicized controversy surrounding Project Camelot 97 show that the brutal U.S. counterinsurgency wars of the period grew out of earlier psychological warfare projects, and that their tactics were shaped in important part by the rising school of development theory. 98 Further, the promises integral to that theory — namely, that U. S. efforts to control development in the Third World, if skillfully handled, could benefit the targets of that intervention while simultaneously advancing U.S. interests — were often publicized by the USIA, by the Army’s mass media, at various academic conferences, and in other propaganda outlets. In other words, as the government tested in the field the tactics advocated by Lerner, Pool, and others, the rationalizations offered by these same scholars became propaganda themes the government promoted to counter opposition to U.S. intervention abroad. 99

The important point with regard to CENIS is the continuing, inbred relationship among a handful of leading mass communication scholars and the U.S. military and intelligence community. Substantially the same group of theoreticians who articulated the early cold war version of psychological warfare in the 1950s reappeared in the 1960s to articulate the Vietnam era adaptation of the same concepts. More than a half-dozen noted academics followed this track: Daniel Lerner, Harold Lasswell, Wilbur Schramm, John W. Riley, W. Phillips Davison, Leonard. Cottrell, and Ithiel de Sola Pool, among others. 100

 

* Excerpts from The Science of Coercion: Communication Research and Psychological Warfare 1945-1960, by Christopher Simpson (Oxford University Press, 1994)

“Worldview Warfare” and World War II (pp.22-30)

The CIA and the Founding Fathers of Communication Studies (pp. 79-85)

Footnotes:

28. Brett Gary, “Mass Communications Research, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Imperatives of War 1939-1945,” Research Reports from the Rockefeller Archive Center (North Tarrytown, NY, Spring 1991), p. 3; and Brett Gary, “American Liberalism and the Problem of Propaganda,” Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1992. Gary’s work is the first thorough study, so far as I am aware, of the important role of the Rockefeller Foundation in crystallizing paradigms for communication studies.

29. John Marshall (ed.), “Needed Research in Communication” (1940), folder 2677, box 224, Rockefeller Archives, Pocantico Hills, NY, cited in Gary, American Liberalism.

30. Gary, “American Liberalism and the Problem of Propaganda.”

31. Ladislas Farago, German Psychological Warfare (New York: Putnam, 1941). For a history of the origin of the term, see William Daugherty, “Changing Concepts,” in Daugherty and Janowitz, Psychological Warfare Casebook, p. 12.

32. Paddock, U.S. Army Special Warfare, pp. 5-8, 23-37.

33. Ibid., p. 6.

34. Anthony Cave Brown (ed.), The Secret War Report of the OSS (New York: Berkeley, 1976), pp. 42-63. There is a large literature on the OSS. For a reliable overview of the agency’s activities, including basic data on its establishment and leadership, see Richard Harris Smith, OSS (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972).

35. Paddock, U.S. Army Special Warfare, pp. 7-14; and Edward Lilly, “The Psychological Strategy Board and Its Predecessors: Foreign Policy Coordination 1938-1953,” in Gaetano Vincitorio (ed.), Studies in Modern History (New York: St. Johns University Press, 1968), p. 346.

36. Kai Bird, The Chairman: John J. McCloy (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992).

37. Paddock, U.S. Army Special Warfare, pp. 8-18; for an extended discussion, see Daniel Lerner, Sykewar: Psychological Warfare Against Germany, D-Day to VE-Day (New York: George Stewart, 1948).

38. On Poole’s role in the establishment of Public Opinion Quarterly, see Harwood Childs, “The First Editor Looks Back,” POQ, 21, no. I (Spring 1957): 7-13. On Poole’s work at the Foreign Nationalities Branch of the OSS, see (Anthony Cave Brown (ed.), Secret War Report of the OSS (New York: Berkley, 1976), chapter 2. On Leighton, see Alexander Leighton, Human Relations in a Changing World (New York: Dutton, 1949). On Mead, see Carleton Mabee, “Margaret Mead and Behavioral Scientists in World War II: Problems of Responsibility, Truth and Effectiveness,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 23 (January 1987Y On Stouffer, see now 49 Mom On Cantril, see Hadley Cantril, “Evaluating the Probable Reactions to the Landing in North Africa in 1942: A Case Study,” POQ, 29, no. 3 (Fall 1965): 400-410.

39. On Roper and on Elmo Wilson, also of the Roper organization, see Jean Converse, Survey Research in the United States (Berkeley: University of Califomia Press, 1987), pp. 171-72. On Doob and Leites, see Daniel Lerner (ed.), Propaganda in War and Crisis (New York: George Stewart, 1951), pp. vii-viii. On Kluckhohn, Leighton, Lowenthal, and Schramm, see Daugherty and Janowitz, Psychological Warfare Casebook, pp. xiii-xiv. On Speier, Contemporary Authors, Vol. 21-24, p. 829. On Barrett, Edward Barrett, Truth Is Our Weapon (New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1953), pp. 31-32. After his death, the Associated Press identified Barrett as a former member of the OSS, though Barrett omitted that information from biographical statements published during his lifetime; see “Edward W. Barrett Dies; Started Columbia Journalism Review,” Washington Post, October 26, 1989. For more on the OWI, see also Allan Winkler, The Politics of Propaganda: The Office of War Information 1942-1945 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978); and Leonard Doob, “Utilization of Social Scientists in the Overseas Branch of the Office of War Information,” American Political Science Review, 41, no. 4 (August 1947): 49-67.

40. Converse, Survey Research in the United States, pp. 163, 172.

41. Ibid., p. 309.

42. On Leites and Eulau, see Wilbur Schramm, “The Beginnings of Communication Study in the United States,” in Everett Rogers and Francis Balle (eds.), The Media Revolution in America and Western Europe (Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1985), p. 205; and Harold Lasswell and Nathan Leites, Language of Politics (New York: George Stewart, 1949), p. 298.

43. Nathan Leites and Ithiel de Sola Pool, “The Response of Communist Propaganda,” in Lasswell and Leites, Language of Politics, pp. 153, 334.

44. Roger Wimmer and Joseph Dominick, Mass Media Research (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1987Y p. 165.

45. On Paley, Jackson, Padover, Riley, Janowitz, Lerner, and Gurfein, see Lerner, Sykewar, pp. 439-43. On Davison, see Daugherty and Janowitz, Psychological Warfare Casebook, p. xii. On Shils, see Lerner, Propaganda in War, p. viii.

46. On Davison and Padover, see Daugherty and Janowitz, Psychological Warfare Casebook, pp. xii-xiii. On Gurfein and Janowitz, see Smith, OSS, pp. 86, 217.

47. On Langer, Cater, and Marcuse, see Smith, OSS, pp. 17, 23, 25, 217. On Barrett, see -Edward I Barren Dies; Started Columbia Journalism Review.” On Becker and Inkeles, see Daugherty and Janowitz, Psychological Warfare Casebook, pp. xi-xii. For a fascinating early memoir of the role of psychology and social psychology in OSS training and operations, see William Morgan, The OSS and I (New York: Norton, 1957).

48. Robin Winks, Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961 (New York: Morrow, 1987), pp. 43-44, 79.

49. On Samuel Stouffer’s Morale Branch, see Samuel Stouffer, Arthur Lumsdaine, Marion Lumsdaine, Robin Williams, M. Brewster Smith, Irving Janis, Shirley Star, and Leonard Cottrell, The American Soldier (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 149Y pp. 3-53; and John Clausen, “Research on the American Soldier as a Career Contingency,” Social Psychology Quarterly 47, no. 2 (1984): 207-13. On the OSS, see Barry Katz, Foreign Intelligence: Research and Analysis in the Office of Strategic Services, 1952-1945 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989): and Bernard David Rifkind, “OSS and Franco-American Relations 1942-1945” Ph.D. diss., George Washington University, 1983, pp. 318-36. On psychological operations in the Pacific theater, see Leighton, Human Relations in a Changing World.

50. Clausen, “Research on the American Soldier.”

51. Ibid., p. 210.

52. Ibid., p. 212.

53. Barrett, Truth, p. 31fn.

54. “Edward W. Barrett Dies; Started Columbia Journalism Review.”

55. Martin Jay, The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute for Social Research, 1923-1950 (Boston: Little, Brown, 1973); and Katz, Foreign Intelligence, pp. 29ff.

70. Information on Cantril in this paragraph is from “Cantril, [Albert] Hadley,” National Cyclopedia of American Biography, Vol. 55, pp. 211-12.

71. See, for example, William Buchanan and Hadley Cantril, How Nations See Each Other (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1972), pp. 91-101; or Hadley Cantril, The Politics of Despair (New York: Basic Books, 1958).

72. “Cantril, [Albert] Hadley. See also collection of Psychological Strategy Board correspondence with Cantril, including Cantril’s oblique reference to what appears to be clandestine CIA sponsorship and editing of his pamphlet The Goals of the Individual and the Hopes of Humanity (1951; published by Institute for Associated Research, Hanover, NH) in Cantril note of October 22, 195 1; in Hadley Cantril correspondence, Psychological Strategy Board, Truman Library, Independence, MO.

73. John M. Crewdson and Joseph Treaster, “Worldwide Propaganda Network Built by the CIA” New York Times, December 26, 1977.

74. Hadley Cantril, The Human Dimension: Experiences in Policy Research (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1967), pp. 131-32, 145.

75. Crewdson and Treaster, “Worldwide Propaganda Network.”

76. Hadley Cantril and David Rodnick, Understanding the French Left (Princeton: Institute for International Social Research, 1956).

77. Cantril, The Human Dimension, pp. 134-43.

78. Cantril, The Politics of Despair; Cantril, The Human Dimension, pp. 1-5, 144.

79. Lloyd Free and Hadley Cantril, The Political Beliefs of Americans (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1967). On the question of legality, note that the CIA’s charter bars the agency from “police, subpoena, lawenforcement powers or internal security functions,” a phrase that most observers contend prohibits the CIA from collecting intelligence on U.S. citizens inside the United States. On this point, see Thomas Powers, The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA (New York: Pocket Books, 1979), pp. 315-17, 367-70, concerning the CIA’s Operation Chaos.

80. For an example of a similar, later technique, see “Redefining the American Electorate,” Washington Post, October 1, 1987, p. At 2, with data provided by the Times Mirror-Gallup Organization.

81. On CIA funding of CENIS, see Victor Marchetti and John Marks, The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence (New York: Dell, 1974), p. 181; and David Wise and Thomas Ross, The Invisible Government (New York: Vintage, 1974), p. 244. On CIA funding of studies, see Marchetti and Marks, The CIA, p. 18 1. For an example of a major study reported to have been underwritten by the CIA, see W. W. Rostow and Alfred Levin, The Dynamics of Soviet Society (New York: Norton, 1952). On CENIS as a conduit of CIA funds, see Wise and Ross, The Invisible Government, p. 244. On Millikan’s role, see U.S. Department of State, Foreign Service Institute, “Problems of Development and Internal Defense” (Country Team Seminar, June 11, 1962).

82. Ithiel de Sola Pool, “The Necessity for Social Scientists Doing Research for Governments,” Background 10, no. 2 (August 1966): 114-15.

83. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for International Studies, A Plan for Research in International Communications World Politics, 6, no. 3 (April 1954): 358-77; MIT, CENIS, The Center for International Studies: A Description (Cambridge: MIT, July 1955).

84. Don Price Oral History, pp. 61-70, and Don Price memo, May 21, 1954 (appendix to oral history), Ford Foundation Archives, New York. The archival evidence concerning this aspect of the Ford Foundation’s relationship with the CIA was first brought to light by Kai Bird.

85. On Shils, see Peter Coleman, The Liberal Conspiracy (New York: Free Press, 1989), pp. 98-209 passim. On Speier, see, Hans Speier, “Psychological Warfare Reconsidered,” RAND paper no. 196, February 5, 1951; Hans Speier, “International Political Communication: Elite and Mass,” World Politics (April 1952 [RAND paper no. P-270], Hans Speier and W. Phillips Davison, “Psychological Aspects of Foreign Policy,” RAND paper no. P-615, December 15, 1954. Speier’s other contemporary work that has since come to light includes several studies of Soviet response to West German rearmament, Soviet political tactics involving nuclear threats, a report on the American Soldier series, and a commentary on political applications of game theory. Speier died February 17, 1990, in Sarasota, Florida; see “Hans Speier, Sociologist,” Washington Post, March 2, 1990. On Carroll, see Wallace Carroll, The Army’s Role in Current Psychological Warfare (top secret, declassified following author’s mandatory review request), February 24, 1949, box 10, tab 61, entry 154, RG 319, U.S. National Archives, Washington, DC; Wallace Carroll, “It Takes a Russian to Beat a Russian,” Life, December 19, 1949, pp. 80-86; “CIA Trained Tibetans in Colorado, New Book Says,” New York Times, April 19, 1973.

86. Ithiel de Sola Pool and Frank Bonilla (eds.), “A Special Issue on Studies in Political Communication,” 20, no. I (Spring 1956); Daniel Lerner (ed.), “Special Issue: Attitude Research in Modernizing Areas,” 22, no. 3 (Fall 1958).

87. In 20, no. I (Spring 1956): Harold Isaacs, “Scratches on Our Minds,” p. 197; Y. B. Damle, “Communication of Modem Ideas and Knowledge in [East] Indian Villages,” p. 257; Claire Zimmerman and Raymond Bauer, “The Effect of an Audience upon What Is Remembered,” p. 238; Suzanne Keller, “Diplomacy and Communication,” p. 176; and Harold Isaacs, “World Affairs and U.S. Race Relations: A Note on Little Rock,” 22, no. 3 (Fall 1958): 364.

88. Ithiel de Sola Pool, Suzanne Keller, and Raymond Bauer, “The Influence of Foreign Travel on Political Attitudes of U.S. Businessmen,” p. 161; Frank Bonilla, “When Is Petition ‘Pressure’?” p. 39; Daniel Lerner, “French Business Leaders Look at EDC,” p. 212 — all in 20, no. 1 (Spring 1956); and Daniel Lerner, “Editors Introduction,” p. 217; Ithiel de Sola Pool and Kali Prasad, “Indian Student Images of Foreign People,” p. 292; Frank Bonilla, “Elites and Public Opinion in Areas of High Social Stratification,” p. 349; all in 22, no. 3 (Fall 1958).

89. Ivor Wayne, “American and Soviet Themes and Values: A Content Analysis of Themes in Popular Picture Magazines,” p. 314; Patricia Kendall, “The Ambivalent Character of Nationalism among Egyptian Professionals,” p. 277 — all in 20, no. I (Spring 1956).

90. Guy Pauker, “Indonesian Images of Their National Self,” p. 305; Lucian Pye, “Administrators, Agitators and Brokers,” p. 342; Alain Girard, “The First Opinion Research in Uruguay and Chile,” p. 251; Kurt Back, “The ChangeProne Person in Puerto Rico,” p. 330; Robert Carlson, “To Talk with Kings,” p. 224; Herbert Hyman et al., “The Values of Turkish College Youth,” p. 275; Raymond Gastil, “Middle Class Impediments to Iranian Modernization,” p. 325; Gorden Hirabayashi and M. Fathalla El Kbatib, “Communication and Political Awareness in the Villages of Egypt,” p. 357; A. J. Meyer, “Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in the Middle East,” p. 391; Richard Robinson, “Turkey’s Agrarian Revolution and the Problem of Urbanization,” p. 397; Lincoln Armstrong and Rashid Bashshur, “Ecological Patterns and Value Orientations in Lebanon,” p. 406 — all in 22, no. 3 (Fall 1958).

91. Isaacs, “World Affairs and U.S. Race Relations,” p. 364.

92. Lerner, “Editor’s Introduction,” pp. 218, 219, 221.

93. Lerner and Pevsner, The Passing of Traditional Society, p. 396. Emphasis added.

94. Special Operations Research Office, The U.S. Army’s Limited-War Mission, pp. 59-63, 69-77; Blum, The CIA, pp. 133-62.

95. On communications theorists’ contributions to counterinsurgency, see Special Operations Research Office, The U.S. Army’s Limited-War Mission, pp. 159-69 (Pye) and 199ff (Pool). See also Ithiel de Sola Pool (ed.), Social Science Research and National Security (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution [Office of Naval Research Project], 1963), pp. 1-25 (Pool), 46-74 (Schramm), 148-66 (Pye).

96. Special Operations Research Office, The U.S. Army’s Limited-War Mission, pp. 282ff; see also U.S. Department of the Army, Art and Science of Psychological Operations, pp. xvii, 47-53.

97. The Camelot Affair precipitated the first genuinely public discussion of the collision between the professed humanitarian values of modem social science and the actual ends to which it had been put in the world political arena. In 1964, the U.S. Army hired private U.S. social scientists to conduct a series of long-term inquiries into the social structures, political and economic resources, ethnic rivalries, communication infrastructures, and similar basic data concerning developing countries considered likely to see strong revolutionary movements during the 1960s. The project exploded when nationalist and left-wing forces in Chile and other targeted countries protested, labeling Camelot a de facto espionage operation. Camelot contractors, notably sociologist Jesse Bernard of American University, replied that the criticism was “laughable” because Camelot’s had been “designed as a scientific research project” in which me countries selected for study made “no difference.” The argument escalated from there. See House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Behavioral Sciences and the National Security, Report No. 4, 89th Cong. 1st sess. (Washington, DC: GPO, 1965); Jesse Bernard, “Conflict as Research and Research as Conflict,” in Irving Louis Horowitz, The Rise and Fall of Project Camelot, rev. ed. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1974), p. 129n.

98. Special Operations Research Office, The U.S. Army’s Limited-War Mission, pp. 282ff; see also U.S. Department of the Army, Art and Science of Psychological Operations, pp. xvii, 47-53.

99. For example, Executive Office of the President, “NSAM No. 308: A Program to Promote Publicly U.S. Policies in Vietnam” (June 22, 1964); McGeorge Bundy, “NSAM No. 328: Military Actions in Vietnam” (April 6, 1965); “NSAM No. 329: Establishment of a Task Force on Southeast Asian Economic and Social Development” (April 9, 1965); and “NSAM No. 330: Expanded Psychological Operations in Vietnam” (April 9, 1965); each was obtained via the Freedom of Information Act from the U.S. Office of the Comptroller General.

100. On Lerner, Riley, Davison, Cottrell, and Pool, see Special Operations Research Office, The U.S. Army’s LimitedWar Mission, pp. xvi, 151-59, 199-202, 282-86. On Pool, Davison, and Schramm, see Pool, Social Science Research and National Security, pp. 1-74. On Lasswell, see Harold Lasswell, World Revolutionary Elites: Studies in Coercive Ideological Movements (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1966).

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